Teiko Royal Council

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Teiko Royal Council
帝光の国民評議会
Teiko-koku no Kyōgi-kai
19th Council of Teiko
Official Coat of Arms of the Teiko National Council
Type
Founded December 22, 1872 (1872-12-22)
Type Unicameral
Term limits Three Years
New session started February 1, 2016
Leadership
Sangdaedeung Gin Ichimaru, TNP
since February 1, 2016
President Pro Tempore Kojiro Furuhashi, TNP
since December 8, 2013
Leader of the Opposition Shun Izuki, DPT
since February 1, 2016
Structure
Members 250
Political groups

Government Block (141):

  TNP (141)

Opposition Block (109):

  DPT (52)
  LPT (31)
  SDT (11)
  TCP (6)
  TRP (4)
  TGP (2)
  Independent (3)
Elections
Voting system Parallel voting:
First past the post (116 seats)
Party-list proportional representation (134 seats)
Last election 26 November 2015
Next election 29 November 2018
Meeting place
Minor Exposition Chamber
Teiko National Council Hall, Tetsuya, Teiko
Website
Teiko National Council Official Website

The Teiko Royal Council is the unicameral legislature of the Federal Kingdom of Teiko. Colloquially referred to as Central-46, it is the highest legislative body of the Federal Government of Teiko. The Teiko Royal Council has 250 members. Of these, 116 members are elected from single-member constituencies, and 134 are elected from 11 multi-member constituencies by a party-list system of proportional representation. 126 seats are required for majority.

The overall voting system used to elect the members of the Teiko Royal Council is a parallel system, a form of semi-proportional representation. Under a parallel system the allocation of list seats does not take into account the outcome in the single seat constituencies. Therefore, the overall allocation of seats in the House of Representatives is not proportional, to the advantage of larger parties. In contrast, in bodies such as the German Bundestag the election of single-seat members and party list members is linked, so that the overall result respects proportional representation.

Each member is elected to a three year terms while elections occur every three years ensuring the quorum in the council. Currently, the council is headed by Sangdaedeung Gin Ichimaru who replaced outgoing Sangdaedeung Kensuke Fukui and acts as head of the legislative sessions comparable to speaker of the house in other countries. Unlike other parliamentary systems, the council is not responsible for electing the Premier of Teiko but rather the premier is elected through direct vote from the people. However, the council can be dissolved by the premier at will.

History

The Teiko Royal Council traces its root from the early Iwamoto Congress in 1872 as 46 representatives from different noble families in Teiko was gathered to discuss issues and help in giving advice to the Great Council of State (Daijo-kan) as part of Kuroko Toyohisa's initiative in decentralizing government responsibilities. The Teiko Royal Council took it current form in 1894 when Prince Akihiro formally established the council through the 1894 Constitution of Teiko as the main legislative body to counterbalance the Prince's Privy Council in legislative process. It was not until 1923 however that the first elections was held to determine members of the council.

Powers

The main functions of the Central-46 are law making, controlling the nation’s finances (which include ministry budgets and government official salaries) and ensuring ministerial accountability. The Central-46 convenes when it is in session. The first session of the Central-46 convenes on the first Monday of February after the inauguration of the Teiko Premier or on the first Monday of February preceding the year of the elections.

A session ends when the Central-46 is temporarily suspended or dissolved. The maximum term for each congress is three years, after which the parliament dissolves and an election must occur within the following month. The dissolution of the council must be done by the Prince of Teiko with the advice of the premier. The premier can also call for a snap elections anytime as an executive prerogative. A snap election will force the dissolution of the council.

The Central-46 is divided into several committees delegated specific legislative tasks. Committees are also established to deal with matters such as studying the details of the bill. Committees can also examine the policies, programs and proposed legislation of government ministries and may file a writ of opposition regarding a certain ministerial policy. There are currently 18 major committees in the 18th congress.

Qualifications

The qualifications for being elected at the council are:

  • At least 21 years of age
  • A registered voter, married or single
  • Able to read and write
  • A Teikonian Citizen by birth
  • A resident of Teiko for at least five years prior to submission of candidacy and

They are not otherwise disqualified from being a member of the Central-46 under the Section 6, Article 14 of the Teiko Constitution of 1986. Article 14 provides that persons are not qualified to be members of the Central-46 if:

  • They have been found or declared to be of unsound mind
  • They are undischarged of bankrupts
  • They have voluntarily acquired the citizenship of, or exercised rights of citizenship in, a foreign country or has made a declaration of allegiance to a foreign country

In case of dissatisfaction among fellow representatives, the members of the Central-36 may be impeached via a vote of no confidence from fellow representatives. Each representative is elected for 3 years in office with a maximum of 4 consecutive terms.

Composition

The 19th Council of the Teiko Royal Council has started its new session February 1, 2016 and is expected to be in session until December 2016. The government block is composed of 132 Teiko National Party (TNP) representatives, 31 sectoral party list representatives and 1 independent representative. It is currently headed by incumbent Premier Seijuro Akashi while the opposition block is composed of 85 representatives spanning from seven political parties, two independents and ten sectoral party lists with Shun Izuki acting as Leader of the Opposition.

Parliamentary group
(breakdown by party)
Representatives
141
52
31
11
6
4
2
Independents 3
Total 250

Last election results

e • d Summary of the 26 November 2015 Teiko Royal Council election results
Political Party Local Constituency Vote PR Block Vote Total Seats +/−
Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Total  % Seats Before Changes
United Opposition (Coalition) 7,008,077 37.55% 30 7,129,389 38.20% 25 55 22.00% - -
Democratic Party of Teiko DPT 4,040,609 21.65% 20 4,591,17 24.60% 20 40 16.00% 36 +4
Liberal Party of Teiko LPT 2,967,468 15.90% 10 2,538,212 13.60% 5 15 6.00% 11 +4
Teiko National Party TNP 8,743,766 46.85% 58 9,667,600 51.80% 74 132 52.80% 130 +2
Social Democratic Party SDP 895,839 4.81% 3 709,206 3.78% 1 4 1.60% 7 -3
Teiko Communist Party TCP 597,226 3.22% 3 279,950 1.48% 0 3 1.20% 2 +1
Teiko Restoration Party TRP 466,583 2.53% 2 298,613 1.64% 0 2 0.80% 8 -6
Teiko Green Party TGP 391,930 2.05% 1 205,297 1.13% 0 1 0.40% 1 0
Independents 466,583 2.51% 3 3 1.20% 5 -2
Total 18,570,004 100.00% 100 18,532,678 100.00% 100 200 100% - -

Note: 50 seats are reserved for sectoral party list representation.

Teiko Council Seat Distribution Map 2015.jpg

Current Committees

The following is the list of current committees that are part of the 18th Congress of the Teiko Royal Council.

Party key Teiko National Party
Democratic Party of Teiko
Liberal Party of Teiko
Independent
Non-Partisan
Current Committees under the 18th Congress
Portfolio Chairperson Age Educational Background
Blue Ribbon Committee Shige Ogiwara 39 University of Kaijou
Foreign Relationships Yohei Kawase 42 University of Kaijou
National Defense and Security Yami Bakura 57 Beika University
Public Works and Services Ryuhei Kasuga 58 Beika University
Budget and Finance Kazuki Toyama 64 Teiko National University
Local and District Government Kiyoshi Miyaji 57 Beika University

See Also

External links

Official Government Portal