Difference between revisions of "San Martín"

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{{Infobox country 2
 
{{Infobox country 2
|conventional_long_name = Free State of Alucida
+
|conventional_long_name = San Martín
|common_name =  
+
|common_name = San Martín
|native_name = <small>{{nowrap|''Estado Libre de Alcúdia''}} ([[wikipedia:Spanish language|Spanish]]) </small> <br> <small>{{nowrap|''Estat Lliure de Alcúdia''}} ([[wikipedia:Catalan language|Catalan]]) </small>
+
|native_name = <small>{{nowrap|''San Martín''}} ([[wikipedia:Spanish language|Spanish]]) </small> <br> <small>{{nowrap|''Sant Martín''}} ([[wikipedia:Catalan language|Catalan]]) </small>
|image_flag = Flag of Puerto .svg
+
|image_flag = Flag of San Martin.png
|image_coat = Great Seal of Alcúdia.svg
+
|image_coat = Great Seal of San Martin.png
 
|symbol_type = Seal  
 
|symbol_type = Seal  
 
|other_symbol =  
 
|other_symbol =  
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|image_map =  
 
|image_map =  
 
|image_map2 =  
 
|image_map2 =  
|capital = [[Meritxell]]
+
|capital = [[Corona del Mar]]
 
|coordinates =  
 
|coordinates =  
 
|largest_city = capital
 
|largest_city = capital
|official_languages = [[wikipedia:Spanish language|Spanish]] <small>(most commonly used)</small><br />[[wikipedia:Catalan language|Catalan]]
+
|official_languages = [[wikipedia:Spanish language|Spanish]]<br />[[wikipedia:Catalan language|Catalan]]
 
|languages_type = [[wikipedia:Lingua franca|Common languages]]
 
|languages_type = [[wikipedia:Lingua franca|Common languages]]
 
|languages =74.7% Spanish <br> 20.3% Catalan <br> 5.0% Others
 
|languages =74.7% Spanish <br> 20.3% Catalan <br> 5.0% Others
|ethnic_groups = 55.8% [[White Alcudians|White]]  <br> 23.3% [[wikipedia:Multiracial|Multiracial]] <br> 12.4% [[Afro-Alcudians|Black]] <br> 0.5% [[wikipedia:Indigenous|Indigenous]]<br> 0.2% [[wikipedia:Asian people|Asian]]<br> <0.1% [[wikipedia:Pacific Islander|Pacific Islander]]<br> 7.8% [[Ethnic groups in Arriola|Other]]
+
|ethnic_groups = 55.8% [[White Santigueros|White]]  <br> 23.3% [[wikipedia:Multiracial|Multiracial]] <br> 12.4% [[Afro-Alcudians|Black]] <br> 0.5% [[wikipedia:Indigenous|Indigenous]]<br> 0.2% [[wikipedia:Asian people|Asian]]<br> <0.1% [[wikipedia:Pacific Islander|Pacific Islander]]<br> 7.8% [[Ethnic groups in Arriola|Other]]
|demonym = [[Alcudian people|Alcudian]] <small>(formal)</small><br />[[Alucidans#Borrera|Borrera]] <small>(colloquial)</small>
+
|demonym = [[San Martinense people|San Martinense]] <small>(formal)</small><br />[[San Martinense people#Borrera|Borrera]] <small>(colloquial)</small>
 
|membership = {{flag|Arriola}}
 
|membership = {{flag|Arriola}}
 
|membership_type = [[List of sovereign&nbsp;states|Country]]
 
|membership_type = [[List of sovereign&nbsp;states|Country]]
 
|government_type =  [[Wikipedia:Dependent territory|Dependent territory]]
 
|government_type =  [[Wikipedia:Dependent territory|Dependent territory]]
 
|leader_title1 = [[Prime Minister of Arriola|Prime Minister]]
 
|leader_title1 = [[Prime Minister of Arriola|Prime Minister]]
|leader_name1 = [[Danel Zúñiga]]  
+
|leader_name1 = [[Rubèn Sampietr]]  
 
|leader_title2 = [[Governor of Alcúdia|Governor]]
 
|leader_title2 = [[Governor of Alcúdia|Governor]]
|leader_name2 = [[Ricky Rosselló]] ([[Alcudian Nationalist Party|PNA]])
+
|leader_name2 = [[Ricky Rosselló]] ({{small|[[Sanmartinense Nationalist Party|PnSM]]}})
  
|legislature = [[Cortes Generales]]
+
|legislature = [[Cortes Generales (San Martín)|Cortes Generales]]
|upper_house = [[Senate of Alcúdia|Senate]]
+
|upper_house = [[Senate of San Martín|Senate]]
|lower_house = [[Chamber of Deputies (Alcúdia)|Chamber of Deputies]]
+
|lower_house = [[Chamber of Deputies (San Martín)|Chamber of Deputies]]
 
|sovereignty_type = [[wikipedia:Special collectivity|Special collectivity]]
 
|sovereignty_type = [[wikipedia:Special collectivity|Special collectivity]]
 
|sovereignty_note = of [[Arriola]]
 
|sovereignty_note = of [[Arriola]]
 
|established_event1 = [[wikipedia:Convention of Vergara|Cession from Spain]]
 
|established_event1 = [[wikipedia:Convention of Vergara|Cession from Spain]]
 
|established_date1 = August 10, 1839
 
|established_date1 = August 10, 1839
 +
|established_event2 = [[Meritxell Act|Aranese citizenship granted]]
 +
|established_date2 = 2 June, 1901
 +
|established_event3 = [[Constitution of San Martín|Constitution adopted]]
 +
|established_date3 = 11 November, 1982
 
|area_km2 = 9,104
 
|area_km2 = 9,104
 
|area_rank = 169th
 
|area_rank = 169th
 
|area_sq_mi = 3,515
 
|area_sq_mi = 3,515
 
|percent_water = 1.6
 
|percent_water = 1.6
|population_estimate = 1,011,385
+
|population_estimate = 841,385
|population_census = 1,013,864
+
|population_census = 889,864
|population_estimate_year = 2016
+
|population_estimate_year = 2017
 
|population_estimate_rank = 130th
 
|population_estimate_rank = 130th
 
|population_census_year = 2010
 
|population_census_year = 2010
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|GDP_nominal_per_capita = $30,939
 
|GDP_nominal_per_capita = $30,939
 
|GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank = 32nd
 
|GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank = 32nd
|Gini = 28.9
+
|Gini = {{IncreaseNegative}} 28.9
 
|Gini_year = 2011
 
|Gini_year = 2011
 
|Gini_ref =
 
|Gini_ref =
|HDI = 0.852
+
|HDI = {{Decrease}} 0.852
|HDI_year = 2015
+
|HDI_year = 2017
 
|HDI_ref =  
 
|HDI_ref =  
 
|HDI_rank = 39th
 
|HDI_rank = 39th
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}}
 
}}
  
'''Alcúdia''', officially the '''Free State of Alcúdia''' ([[wikipedia:Spanish language|Spanish]]: ''Estado Libre de Alcúdia'', lit. "Free State of Alcúdia") is an [[wikipedia:Special collectivity|special collectivity]] of the [[Arriola|Aranese Community]] located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.
+
'''San Martín''' (often rendered '''Saint Martin''' in English), is an [[wikipedia:Special collectivity|special collectivity]] of the [[Arriola|Aranese Community]] located in the northeast Caribbean Sea, in the [[w:Lesser Antilles|Lesser Antilles]]. It is an archipelago that includes the main islands of Alcúdia and [[Isla de San Martín|San Martín]], and a number of smaller ones such as Nueva Mallorca, Tagomago, and Rosselló. The capital and most populous city is [[Corona del Mar]]. Its official languages are Spanish and Catalan, though Spanish predominates. The island's population is approximately eight-hundred thousand. The residents of the island, the San Martinense ({{lang-es|''Sanmartinense''}}) are full Aranese citizens, and are represented in the [[General Junta|Aranese Parliament]] by two senators and two deputies.
  
It is an archipelago that includes the main island of Alcúdia and a number of smaller ones, such as Nueva Mallorca, Tagomago, and Rosselló. The capital and most populous city is Meritxell. Its official languages are Spanish and Catalan, though Spanish predominates. The island's population is approximately one million. Alcudians are full Arriolan citizens, and are represented in the [[General Junta|Arriolan Parliament]] by two senators and two deputies.
+
Four centuries of Spanish colonial government influenced the island's cultural landscapes with waves of African slaves, Canarian, and Andalusian settlers. Spain's distant administrative control continued up to the middle of the 19th century, helping to produce a distinctive creole Hispanic culture and language that combined elements from the Native Americans, Africans, and Iberians. In 1838, following the stalemate caused by Aranese intervention in the First Carlist War, Spain agreed to cede San Martín and its surrounding islands under the terms of the [[wikipedia:Convention of Vergara|Convention of Vergara]]. The next century saw a concerted effort by Aranese leadership both to ensure the political allegiance of its new subjects and to alter their cultural identity. Their attempts were successful in the former but failed in the latter. San Martinense culture has become a reflection of the blending of Iberian influences with that of indigenous and African peoples.  
  
Four centuries of Spanish colonial government influenced the island's cultural landscapes with waves of African slaves, Canarian, and Andalusian settlers. Spain's distant administrative control continued up to the middle of the 19th century, helping to produce a distinctive creole Hispanic culture and language that combined elements from the Native Americans, Africans, and Iberians. In 1838, following the stalemate caused by Aranese intervention in the First Carlist War, Spain agreed to cede Alcúdia and it's surrounding islands under the terms of the [[wikipedia:Convention of Vergara|Convention of Vergara]]. The next century saw a concerted effort by Aranese leadership both to ensure the political allegiance of its new subjects and to alter their cultural identity. Their attempts were successful in the former but failed in the latter. Alcudian culture has become a reflection of the blending of Iberian influences with that of indigenous and African peoples.
+
The [[San Martinense people|San Martinense]] are by law [[Aranese nationality law|natural-born citizens]] of Arriola and may move freely between the islands and other Aranese territory. The San Martinense are recognized as a constituent nationality of Arriola by the Aranese Constitution, thus [[San Martinense citizenship]] continues to be recognized by the Aranese government. However representation in wider Aranese governance is restricted, as it is administered as a dependant territory, and thus does not have a direct vote in the [[General Junta]]. Instead, two seats in the General Junta are reserved, and the deputies are appointed by the Cortes Generales of San Martín.
 
+
[[Alucdians]] are by law [[Aranese nationality law|natural-born citizens]] of Arriola and may move freely between the islands and other Aranese territory. Alcudians are recognized as a constituent nationality of Arriola by the Aranese Constituition, thus [[Alcudian citizenship]] continues to be recognized by the Aranese government. However Alcudia's representation in wider Aranese governance is restricted, as it is administered as a dependant territory, and thus does not have a direct vote in the [[General Junta]]. Instead, two seats in the General Junta are reserved, and the deputies are appointed by the Cortes Generales of Alcudia.
+
  
 +
In late September 2017, the Category 5 [[w:Hurricane Maria|Hurricane Maria]] hit San Martín and neighboring islands, causing devastating damage. The island's electrical grid was largely destroyed, with repairs expected to take months to complete, provoking the largest power outage in Aranese history. Recovery efforts were somewhat slow in the first few weeks following the Hurricane, becoming a controversial issue in the [[Aranese general election, 2018|2018 general elections]]. By 1 January 2018 over 100,000 people had immigrated to [[Aranese Guiana]] or [[Metropolitan Arriola]].
 +
==History==
 +
===Spanish colony (1493-1839)===
 +
===Aranese era (1839-present)===
 +
==Government and politics==
 +
===Political parties and elections===
 +
===Law===
 +
===Foreign and intergovernmental relations===
 +
===Political status===
 +
===Military===
 +
==Economy==
 +
{{Main|Economy of San Martín}}
 
[[Category:Arriola]]
 
[[Category:Arriola]]

Latest revision as of 20:08, 28 June 2018

San Martín
San Martín (Spanish)
Sant Martín (Catalan)
Seal of San Martín
Flag Seal
Anthem: "Que Bonita Bandera"
What a Beautiful Flag
Status Sui generis special collectivity
Capital
and largest city
Corona del Mar
Official languages Spanish
Catalan
Common languages 74.7% Spanish
20.3% Catalan
5.0% Others
Ethnic groups 55.8% White
23.3% Multiracial
12.4% Black
0.5% Indigenous
0.2% Asian
<0.1% Pacific Islander
7.8% Other
Demonym San Martinense (formal)
Borrera (colloquial)
Country  Arriola
Government Dependent territory
 -  Prime Minister Rubèn Sampietr
 -  Governor Ricky Rosselló (PnSM)
Legislature Cortes Generales
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house Chamber of Deputies
Special collectivity of Arriola
 -  Cession from Spain August 10, 1839 
 -  Aranese citizenship granted 2 June, 1901 
 -  Constitution adopted 11 November, 1982 
Area
 -  Total 9,104 km2 (169th)
3,515 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 1.6
Population
 -  2017 estimate 841,385 (130th)
 -  2010 census 889,864
 -  Density 375/km2 (29th)
970/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $36.703 billion (75th)
 -  Per capita $36,290 (29th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $31.291 billion (62th)
 -  Per capita $30,939 (32nd)
Gini (2011)negative increase 28.9
Error: Invalid Gini value
HDI (2017)Decrease 0.852
Error: Invalid HDI value · 39th
Currency Euro
Time zone Atlantic (TUC-4)
 -  Summer (DST) no longer observed (TUC-4)
Drives on the right
Calling code +3-787, +3-939
ISO 3166 code EA
Internet TLD .ea

San Martín (often rendered Saint Martin in English), is an special collectivity of the Aranese Community located in the northeast Caribbean Sea, in the Lesser Antilles. It is an archipelago that includes the main islands of Alcúdia and San Martín, and a number of smaller ones such as Nueva Mallorca, Tagomago, and Rosselló. The capital and most populous city is Corona del Mar. Its official languages are Spanish and Catalan, though Spanish predominates. The island's population is approximately eight-hundred thousand. The residents of the island, the San Martinense (Spanish: Sanmartinense) are full Aranese citizens, and are represented in the Aranese Parliament by two senators and two deputies.

Four centuries of Spanish colonial government influenced the island's cultural landscapes with waves of African slaves, Canarian, and Andalusian settlers. Spain's distant administrative control continued up to the middle of the 19th century, helping to produce a distinctive creole Hispanic culture and language that combined elements from the Native Americans, Africans, and Iberians. In 1838, following the stalemate caused by Aranese intervention in the First Carlist War, Spain agreed to cede San Martín and its surrounding islands under the terms of the Convention of Vergara. The next century saw a concerted effort by Aranese leadership both to ensure the political allegiance of its new subjects and to alter their cultural identity. Their attempts were successful in the former but failed in the latter. San Martinense culture has become a reflection of the blending of Iberian influences with that of indigenous and African peoples.

The San Martinense are by law natural-born citizens of Arriola and may move freely between the islands and other Aranese territory. The San Martinense are recognized as a constituent nationality of Arriola by the Aranese Constitution, thus San Martinense citizenship continues to be recognized by the Aranese government. However representation in wider Aranese governance is restricted, as it is administered as a dependant territory, and thus does not have a direct vote in the General Junta. Instead, two seats in the General Junta are reserved, and the deputies are appointed by the Cortes Generales of San Martín.

In late September 2017, the Category 5 Hurricane Maria hit San Martín and neighboring islands, causing devastating damage. The island's electrical grid was largely destroyed, with repairs expected to take months to complete, provoking the largest power outage in Aranese history. Recovery efforts were somewhat slow in the first few weeks following the Hurricane, becoming a controversial issue in the 2018 general elections. By 1 January 2018 over 100,000 people had immigrated to Aranese Guiana or Metropolitan Arriola.

History

Spanish colony (1493-1839)

Aranese era (1839-present)

Government and politics

Political parties and elections

Law

Foreign and intergovernmental relations

Political status

Military

Economy