Lu Shuan central CBD District |
|Nickname(s): Oka-city / Song Keung|
|the SAR is composed of 5 major cities|
|City||Ma On Yin|
|City||Dai Wo Hau|
|Type||Special Administrative Region of First degree|
|Chief Executive||Edna Xu-Tai|
|Second Executive||Jason Wai-Sze|
|Time zone||+7 (OCT)|
Okatabawahi City is one of Five Special Administrative Regions (SARs) of the Republic of Okatabawashi. A city-state situated on Okatabawashi's south coast and open to the china Sea and Taiwan it is renowned for its expansive skyline with a population of over 11 million, it is an agglomeration of 5 cities put together to form a compound. the city's harbour is situated in Song Keung and is one of Asia's busiest ports, the city is one of Asia's fastest growing city
- 1 Context
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Transport
- 5 Politics
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Media
- 8 Cities & Districts
- 8.1 Song Keung City
- 8.2 Dai Wo Hau
- 8.3 Ma On Yin
- 8.4 Hsing Chow
- 8.5 Ling Hsao
- 9 Twinned City
Until the British colonization, Okatabawashi City was called and limited Song Keung (宋強). Okatabawashi City is the capital of the nation. It concentrates the main economic and political power of the nation. It is number 6 on the list of AIN Globalization and World Cities Ranks. The mayor of Okatabawashi City is very important as his decision on the city affects the whole nation. The mayor holds the nickname "Little Dragon"
British Colonial Era
In 1839, the refusal by Qing Dynasty authorities to import opium resulted in the First Opium War between China and Britain. Song Keung Bay was occupied by British forces on 15 January 1837 and was initially ceded under the Convention of Chuenpee as part of a ceasefire agreement between Captain Charles Elliot and Governor Qishan, but the agreement was never ratified due to a dispute between high ranking officials in both governments. It was not until 29 August 1842 that the island was formally ceded in perpetuity to the United Kingdom under the Treaty of Nanking. The British established a crown colony with the founding of Albert City the following year.
In 1860, after China's defeat in the Second Opium War, the whole Island became British
In 1894, the deadly Third Pandemic of bubonic plague spread from China to Okatabawashi, causing 50,000–100,000 deaths.
During the first half of the 20th century, Okatabawashi City was a free port, serving as an entrepôt of the British Empire. The British introduced an education system based on their own model, while the local Chinese population had little contact with the European community of wealthy tai-pans settled near the Peaks.
Okatabawashi-City gained independence as Southern Okatabawashi (remaining within the Commonwealth) on 17 October 1967 with Frank Tung Chung. Every one who was present in Okatabawashi City on the date of independence was offered Okataian citizenship. In 1968 Okatabawashi joined non alignement, and Okatabawashi City became capital city again, and Zhanggiang became a provincial city again, even if the government has it's own territory withing the SAR, the SAR has it's own government with a Chief Executive who is often reffered to as the "second president of Okatabawashi", because the city has so much power
Okatabawashi City sits on the Hulong River Delta on Okatabawashi's eastern coast. The City consists fo 3 large parts, Song Keung Island, Ru-Hsiang-Jiao and Tongjie, the highest point of the city is t Lai Kok Shun at 726 meters.
|Ma On Yin||Yellow||2.000.000|
|Dai Wo Hau||Purple||1.500.000|
Okatabawashi City has a four-season, monsoon-influenced, humid subtropical climate. Summers are very hot, humid, and accompanied by occasional heavy rainstorms and typhoons，while winters are short and mild.
Due to Okatabvawashi's location in the Pacific Ocean, it is affected by the Pacific typhoon season, which occurs between June and October.
|Average High (°C)||23||21||22||23||27||31||33||36||31||29||28||25|
|Average Low (°C)||14||15||16||18||20||24||28||31||24||18||17||16|
Song Keung, as the center of the Okatabawashi City, is Okatabawashi's largest domestic and international hub for rail, ground, and air transportation. Public transportation within Okatabawashi-City is dominated by an extensive network of clean and efficient trains and subways run by a variety of operators, with buses, monorails and trams playing a secondary feeder role.
Within Kwodong Ward, one of the 13 special wards, Tung Chung International Airport offers domestic and international flights. Outside Okatabawashi-City, Wah-Tsuen International Airport, in Hsing-Chow, is the major gateway for international travelers to Okatabawashi and Okatabawashi's flag carrier Oriental Airlines, All Okataian Airways, Delta Air Lines, and United Airlines all have a hub at this airport.
Rail is the primary mode of transportation in Okatabawashi-City, which has the one of the most extensive urban railway network in the world and an equally extensive network of surface lines. Okarail-Southern operates Okatabawashi City's largest railway network, including the Hso-Jiakoo Line loop that circles the center of downtown Okatabawashi-City. Two organizations operate the subway network: the private Okatabawashi Metro and the governmental Okatabawashi Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation, all of these form the MTSR System, that the MTS supervises. The metropolitan government and private carriers operate bus routes. Local, regional, and national services are available, with major terminals at the giant railroad stations, including Okatabawashi Central, Hiaolung, and Central Song Keung (CSK).
Expressways link the capital to other points in the Okatabawashi-City area, the Shiyuen region, and the islands of Kyushu and Shikoku. In order to build them quickly before the 1968 Summer Olympics, most were constructed above existing roads.
Other transportation includes taxis operating in the special wards and the cities and towns. Also long-distance ferries serve the islands of Okatabawashi-City and carry passengers and cargo to domestic and foreign ports.
Okatabawashi City is a special administrative region which is directly under the Executive Jing Jianglang.The mayor of Okatabawashi City had been an appointed position since . The position has a four-year term and is elected by direct popular vote. The first elected mayor was Noda Otane of the Democratic Progressive Party. Robert Tsao-Ma took office in 1998 for two terms, before handing it over to Jing Jianlang who won the 2008 mayoral election on April 9, 2008.
Based on the outcomes of previous elections in the past decade, the vote of the overall constituency of Okatabawashi City shows a slight inclination towards the Socialist camp; however, the Conservative camp also has considerable support. 1st Livingstone Street Boulevard, where the Okatabawashian President and where the Republic's Presidential Office Building and other government structures are situated, is often the site of mass gatherings such as inauguration and national holiday parades, receptions for visiting dignitaries, political demonstrations,and public festivals.
The Chief Executive of Okatabawashi City is the President of the Executive Council of Okatabawashi City and head of the Government of the Okatabawashi City Special Administrative Region. The position was created to replace the Governor of the city, who was the head of the government during British rule. The office, stipulated by the Okatabawashi City Basic Law, formally came into being on 1 July 1997 when the sovereignty of Hong Kong was transferred from the United Kingdom to the Republic of Okatabawashi and Noburu. The chief executive holds the title "The Honourable", and ranks first in the Okatabawashi City order of precedence. The current chief executive is Jing JiangLang.
|Order||Full Name||Assumed office||Left office||Notes||Term|
|1||Sato Fusaki||1 July 1997||30 June 2004||1|
|1 July 1997||12 March 2004||Resigned before end of term||2|
|–||Jing JiangLang||13 March 2004||24 May 2012||Former chief executive|
|–||60px||Edna Xu-Tai||24 May 2012||Undefined||Acting chief executive|
Okatabawashi City is home to 6,607,428 people, while the metropolitan area has a population of 11,201,101 people. The population of the city proper has been decreasing in recent years while the population of the adjacent N'gong Lau Chen and Donnington has been increasing.Due to Okatabawashi's geography and location in the Okatabawashi Basin as well as differing times of economic development of its districts, Okatabawashi City's population is not evenly distributed. The districts of Lu Shuan, Edinburgh, are the most densely populated.
In 2008, the crude birth rate stood at 7.88% while the mortality rate stood at 5.94%. A decreasing and rapidly aging population is an important issue for the city. By the end of 2009, one in ten people in Okatabawashi City was over 65 years of age. Residents who had obtained a college education or higher accounted for 43.48% of the population, and the literacy rate stood at 99.18%.
Like the rest of Okatabawashi, Okatabawashi City is composed of four major ethnic groups: Chinese, Sino Okataians, Japo Okataian and Kongruyans .Although Sino Okataians andJapo Okataians form the majority of the population of the city, in recent decades many Chinese have moved into the city, they constitute the poorer part
The median age of Hsiaowans is 37 years old and the average household size is 3.5 persons. Due to scarcity of land, four out of five Hsiaowans live in subsidised, high-rise, public housing apartments known as Housing and Development Board (HDB) flats, after the board responsible for public housing in the SAR. In 2010, three quarters of Hsiaowan residents live in properties that are equal to or larger than a four room HDB flat or in private housing. Home ownership rate is at 87.2%. Mobile phone penetration rate is extremely high at 1,400 mobile phone subscribers per 1000 people. Around 2 in 10 residents owns a car, this number decreased since 1990 where car limitation was set in order to make the city more ecological putting more emphasis on a spotless transport system managed by the MTS.
In 2009, the government census reports that 84.2% of residents were of Okataian, 9.4% of Chinese, and 3.2% of Korean descent, while Eurasians and other groups form 3.2%. Prior to 2010, each person could register as a member of only one race, by default that of his or her father, therefore, mixed-race persons were solely grouped under their father's race in government censuses. From 2010 onward, people may register using a "double-barrelled" classification, in which they may choose one primary race and one secondary race, but no more than two.
Okataian English is an integral part of the South-Okataian identity. It is regarded as the main language in Okatabawashi-City, and is officially the main language of instruction in all the subjects except for mother tongue lessons in Oka-City's education system. It is also the common language of the administration, and is promoted as an important language for international business. Spelling in Okatabawashi-City follows the British system, due to the country's colonial past.
English was introduced to Okatabawashi-City in 1849 when the British established a port and later a colony on the island. Under the colonial government, English gained prestige as the language of administration, law and business. As government administration increased, infrastructure and commerce developed, and access to education expanded producing a local English-speaking elite, English spread among Okataians. The visibility of English was also heightened through heavy usage by successful media outlets of the time.
Companies linked to the government control much of the domestic media in Okatabawashi. OBC operates most free-to-air television channels and free-to-air radio stations in Okatabawashi City. There are a total of seven free-to-air TV channels offered by OBC withing the SAR aswell as the standard nationwide TV (OTV1,2,3,4,5). The channels are Channel 5 (English channel), Channel News Asia (English channel), Okto (English channel), Channel 8 (Chinese channel), Channel U (Chinese channel), Citya (Okataian channel) and Prahshtam (Indian channel). Starhub Cable Vision (SCV) also offers cable television with channels from all around the world and Okatel's MioTV provides an IPTV service. Okatabawashi Press Holdings, a body with close links to the government, controls most of the newspaper industry.
Cities & Districts
Song Keung City
Lu Shuan (also Central District; Chinese: 中環) is the central business district of the city. It is located in Central and Western District, on the West shore of the Peninsula, across John Locke Bay from Edinburgh.
As the central business district of Okatabawashi City, many multinational financial services corporations have their headquarters in the area. Consulates general and consulates of many countries are also located in this area, as is Government City, the site of the government headquarters. The area, with its proximity to the Okata Bay, has served as the center of trade and financial activities from the earliest day of British colonial era in 1841, and continues to flourish and serve as the administrative center after the transfer of sovereignty to Okatabawashi in 1967
The whole district is organized Lord Thomas Ave
Lam Fong is a valley between London Canal and the Northwest Hills. Lam Fong can claim several firsts in the history of the City : The site for Okatabawashi City's first reservoir, the Lam Fong Pei Reservoir, (1883, now part of a country park); and the site for the City first dairy farm by five investors, including Sir Patrick Manson in 1885. The farm supplied not only milk, but cattle to Okatabawashi City, and later became Dairy Farm. However, it no longer exists in Lam Fong.
Chi Fu Fa Yuen (置富花園) was developed in the mid-seventies by Sung Hung Kai. It comprises 20 towers of 28-storey high-rise buildings with a total of 4,258 residential units and 7 towers of 5-storey villa type low-rise buildings with 70 household units.
Chi Gong Lu, the pensioners village has 30 sets of 2 storey's houses.
Edinburgh is an urban area in Okatabawashi City comprising the east edinburgh, Sham Lu and DengHui.
The district has a population of 1.2 Million inhabitants and many rooftop housing
It’s a part of Hong Kong and Okatabawashi City you can only see from above: rooftop slums home to tens of thousands of people. Unable to afford a regular apartment in Hong Kong’s extraordinarily expensive housing market and forced to wait years for a public housing unit, entire families live in illegal shacks on top of the city’s apartment blocks. There are so many rooftop houses that the government doesn't even bother keeping track of them. According to a spokesman for the Buildings Department, there is no data on illegal rooftop houses or other structures. “The government doesn't know much about this and they don’t bother to know because they don’t have a rehousing policy for these people,” says social worker Sze Lai-shan, who has worked closely with rooftop dwellers on behalf of the Society for Community Organization, which lobbies the government to provide more public housing.
Shing Wong Sei
Shing Wong Sei is an area on the south shore of Edinburgh Island in Okatabawashi City. Administratively, it is part of the Western District. Shing wong Sei Harbour is a harbour between Aberdeen and Ap Lei Chau. The name 'Shing Wong Sei' usually covers the areas of Aberdeen, Wong Chuk Hang and Ap Lei Chau, but it is more often used to refer to the town only. Population is approximately 180,000.
Shing Wong Sei is famous to tourists for its floating village, but mainly because it hosts the "Okatabawashi Polytechnic university" a university of high standards all around Asia
Tang Bao Hsiu
During the 1960s and 1970s, Tang Bao Hsiu saw distinct development and the accompanying influx of an active, young population due to various commercial activities, such as movie theaters. These theaters have however moved or closed down, removing the incentive for development and the attractiveness of the neighborhood for the young, leaving the area with an aging population.
The higher rate of elderly also poses some practical issues: facilities for aid in mobility such as lifts and skid-proof tape on stairs have since been installed, often at the expense of the local commerce.
The district, is one of the greenest in the cities, with many medium rise estates and parks, with school and leisure always close, it was named the number 1 district to live in within Okatabawashi City
The district is mainly an area of mixed residential and retail. Every night there is a market selling many different kinds of products including clothes, decorations, VCD and toys in Temple Street, a street in the area where the famous Tin Hau Temple was built in 1876. The Temple is at Public Square Street. The square, known as Yung Shue Tau, was a night market.
Song Keung Castle & Kwung Fong
Dai Wo Hau
Contrary to its name, the area does not contain any diamond deposits. There are a number of theories as to why the misnomer came about, but the most accepted version states that the English name for this area was a simple mistranslation, for in Cantonese, the word "鑽石" can mean either "diamonds" or "to drill for rocks". In this case, the area was known as a stone quarry for many years before urban development took place. Due to that, the English name only became a euphemism.
There are other theories as to why the area became known as "Diamond Hill", such as the crystals contained within the rocks mined from the area have a diamond-like luminance, or that the hill resembles the shape of a diamond. History
The village settlements in the area, Sheung Yuen Leng (上元嶺) and Ha Yuen Leng (下元嶺), predated British colonization, and may have been established as early as the early eighteenth century.
There were squatter dwellings (shanties) up and down the hill that were demolished after years effort by the Hong Kong Government. The squatter population peaked at around 50,000 people.
Hui Wai Mun (also called HWM) is a bay in Dai Wo Hau. In the northern tip of the bay lies the Ong-Tyng O Village.
The Hui Wai Mun New Town, one of the nine new towns in Dai-Wo Hau, was mainly built on reclaimed land in the northern half of the bay. The current population as of 2011 is about 368,000
In 1976, the Government released a zoning plan for 265 hectares, in which they projected to house some 219,000 in subsidised public housing by 1996. In 1984 plans for Home Ownership Scheme flats to house 15,600 people and Public Housing for a further 24,500 for the area were unveiled on a site of 81 hectares. At the time of the announcement, the squatter population was estimated at 35,000.
Kiaoting is a district formed of mainly of Housing Estates, it is famous for having the Science & Technology museum
The Xu-Ko-Yu Line (XKY) at Sengkang MTS-R Station connects Senpang New Town to the downtown area. The Senpang LRT Line intersects with the Sengkang MTS-R Station at the Senpang Town Centre, providing residents with convenient public transport within Senpang New Town itself and other parts of the island.
Amenities in this new town include primary and secondary schools, three shopping malls, a public library, a polyclinic and community centres. Compass Point Shopping Centre, a shopping mall attached to the bus interchange and MTS-R/LRT station, is a popular place for Sengkang residents to hang out and congregate. Other shopping areas include Rivervale Mall, Rivervale Plaza, Fernvale Point and Kopitiam Square with the latter three housing a wet market.
As announced in Budget Speech 2011, a new general hospital that has been planned in Senpang to serve residents in northeastern Dai-Wo-Hau will be ready by 2020 and will come with adjoining community hospital facilities.The new general hospital will be located along Senpang East Road right next to the Cheng Lim LRT station. It will also be within walking distance of Sengkang MRT Station.Next to the general hospital will be a community hospital that will provide sub-acute care and rehabilitative services for patients.
Wangtong & Foshan Bay
Before the development of the new town, the area around the bay was occupied by a number of fishing towns and villages. The Foshan Village in the northern tip of the bay is about 600 years old. Other towns and villages include Rennie's Mill (Tiu Keng Leng), Wangtong and Dien Huo Wan.
The SAR Government had been interested in developing a new town at Foshan Bay because of its proximity to the urban area. The project was postponed for a long time owing to the extensive scale of reclamation in the bay, which is rather deep. It finally started under the name of Foshan Bay Village.
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