Mikenstein

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Federal Republic of Mikenstein
Bundesrepublik Mikenstein
Motto: Wohlstand und Langlebigkeit
(German: Prosperity and Longevity)
Anthem: Unsere Großen Vaterland
CapitalZürich
47°10′N 8°27′E / 47.167°N 8.45°E / 47.167; 8.45
Largest city Bassenheim
Official language(s) German, English
Recognised national languages German, English, Italian
Ethnic groups  See below
Demonym Mikensteinien, Mikensteiner
Government Federal
 -  President Robert Ludwig
 -  Minister of the Federal Council Timm Habich
Legislature State Council
 -  Upper house Constitutional Council
 -  Lower house Federal Council
Formation
 -  Nation Founded 23 July 1952 
 -  Government Formed & UN Approval 19 February 1953 
 -  Constitution 1 December 1964 
Area
 -  Total 51,520 km2 
19,892 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 2.4
Population
 -  2017 estimate 8,923,588 (20th in AIN)
 -  2014 census 8,903,913 
 -  Density 173.21/km2 
448.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
 -  Total $656.222 billion (16th in AIN)
 -  Per capita $73,538 (1st in AIN)
HDI  0.949 (very high) (2nd in AIN)
Currency Mikenstein Schilling (MIS)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Date formats d/m/yyyy
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .mi
Calling code +424

Mikenstein is a state in central western Europe that borders Germany, Switzerland, Slovenia, Austria and Italy. Mikenstein has two main geographical regions, with a narrower strip of land joining the two. The Ex-Switzerland area has the higher population density, with the ex-Austrian land holding just under ⅓ of the national population, which totals across the nation 11,802,192, with an area of 51,520 km squared.

Mikenstein was formed fairly recently, just after the Second World War, in 1952. An uprising, and social disscontempt led to areas of Austria, Switzerland and Liechtenstein merging to form 1 nation. In efforts to calm the people in the area, the UN approved the formation of Mikenstein in early 1953. Relations with Switzerland and Austria were tense at first, with both nations threatening to impose economic sanctions on Mikenstein, but thanks to the Munich agreement (1972), the 3 nations now corporate harmoniously. This has led to huge increases in trade with the 2 countries. The Munich agreement made Mikenstein compensate Switzerland and Austria for the loss of territory, but in exchange allowed Mikenstein to trade easily with the the 2 countries.

Mikenstein is not a member of the Schengen Agreement or the European Union, as a referendum in 2003 decided. It does however have trade treaties not only with Switzerland but also the EU, the USA and China.

Mikenstein has one of the highest standards of living and quality of life in the whole of Europe, with a high life expectancy, excellent health system along with a world-class education system as well as also have a very low corruption perception rating.

History

Early Formation

Mikenstein was formed fairly recently, just after the Second World War, in 1952. An uprising, and social disscontempt led to areas of Austria, Switzerland and Liechtenstein merging to form 1 nation. Switzerland and Austria recognised that large levels of the population wanted to become part of the new nation, so allowed the creation of the Sovereign State of Mikenstein to continue. On November 1st 1952, the Federal Republic of Mikenstein was officially formed. This included the creation of the official border, and the establishment of the government.

Approval

There were two main agreements, which allowed the development of the creation of Mikenstein.

UN Recognition

The UN approved the formation of Mikenstein in early 1953. This was done as most countries with concerns recognised that the situation in the old areas of Switzerland and Austria would have worsened without the creation of Mikenstein. This lead to the formal approval of Mikenstein by the UN. This also paved the way for Mikenstein to join the UN.

Munich Agreement

Relations with Switzerland and Austria were tense at first, with both nations threatening to impose economic sanctions on Mikenstein, but thanks to the Munich agreement (1972), the 3 nations now corporate harmoniously. This has led to huge increases in trade with the 2 countries. The Munich agreement made Mikenstein compensate Switzerland and Austria for the loss of territory, but in exchange allowed Mikenstein to trade easily with the the two countries.

Development

Zürich being one of the largest cities, and having existing governmental functions as the previous capital of a Swiss canton. There was some discussion over whether a new capital should be developed, but this decision was decided against due to the extreme costs in doing so.

The new nation relied heavily on the old infrastructure of the previous nations, and a transition program was implemented to allow for Mikenstein to become self-sufficient. This took three years to complete (1952 - 1955), and involved the formation of new Government departments, development key infrastructure such as power and water supplies, along with education and health and the creation of new bodies, such as regulatory bodies and national press organisations. The second transition program was purely diplomatic. It ran from 1954 - 1978, and involved the opening of over 100 embassies worldwide. Mikenstein’s diplomatic mission has grown over the years, and now it has Embassies, along with Consulate Generals in every country in Europe, most countries in the Americas, 15 embassies in Africa and many in Asia, see map below. (Red is Mikenstein, dark blue are countries with embassies, and light blue countries are those with Consulates, but no embassies.)


Between 1952 and 1964, the Staatsrat worked tirelessly on the constitution and other important pieces of legislation, and after 4 referendums, and successive amendments, the constitution of Mikenstein was finally approved by the citizens. The paved the way for successive acts of legislation, which improved the standard of living for the 11 million people that now live in Mikenstein.

Since the formation of Mikenstein, the Government has redeveloped most cities and town, restoring the architecture and rebuilding the infrastructure to a higher, modern standard. The government spends over 2% of GDP on education alone, in attempt to raise standards, and make Mikensteinien students appealing to future employers. Vast spending, in the region of billions of US$, was spending on improving services.

In 2003, a referendum, deemed that Mikenstein would not be part of the Schengen Agreement, or become part of the European Union. Therefore, Mikenstein still has it’s own border controls along with it’s own Visa system, and these have both helped the country to maintain a more prosperous future. In recent years, Mikenstein has continued to prosper, with a growing economy.

Economy

Main Cities and Towns

City Population Province
Bassenheim 997,672 Zürich
Wolfskreut 784,685 Salzburg
Zürich 397,027 Zürich
Salzburg 146,631 Salzburg
Innsbruck 126,851 Innsbruck
Lucerne 78,786 Zürich
St Gallen 73,800 Zürich
Villach 59,089 Villach
Lugano 55,595 Chur
Chur 34,547 Chur
Davos 11,136 Chur
Kitzbuhel 8,204 Kitzbuhel
Vaduz 5,270 Zürich

Province capitals

Zürich

Zürich is the capital of Zürich province and is also the capital city of Mikenstein. It is a major banking centre, but also has a large cultural importance in the country.

Chur

Chur is the capital of the Mikenstein Province of Chur and lies in the Alpine Rhine Valley, where the Rhine turns towards the north, in the northern part of the province. The city, which is located on the right bank of the Rhine, is reputedly the oldest town of Mikenstein.

Chur

Main Article: Chur

Map of Mikenstein, showing Major Cities and Towns

Innsbruck

Innsbruck is the capital city of the Mikenstein Province of Innsbruck in eastern Mikenstein. It is located in the Inn valley, at its junction with the Wipp valley, which provides access to the Brenner Pass some 30km to the south. Innsbruck lies about half way between Munich in Germany and Verona in Italy. Located in the broad valley between high mountains, the so-called North Chain in the Karwendel Alps to the north.

Main Article: Innsbruck

Kitzbühel

Kitzbühel is a small medieval town situated along the river Kitzbuhler Ache in Mikenstein and the administrative centre of the Kitzbühel Province. It has a population of 8,134 (as of 1 January 2013). The town is situated in the Kitzbühel Alps about 100 kilometres (62 mi) east of the large city of Innsbruck. It is a ski resort of international renown.

Main Article: Kitzbuhel

Villach

Villach is one of the largest cities in Mikenstein and the province capital of the Villach Province. It represents an important traffic junction for southern Mikenstein and the whole Alpe-Adria region. As of 2006, the population is 58,480. Villach is located on the Drava River near the confluence with the Gail river tributary. Situated at the western rim of the Klagenfurt basin, the municipal area stretches from the slopes of the Gailtal Alps (Mt. Dobratsch) down to Lake Ossiach in the northeast.

Main Article: Villach

Salzburg

Salzburg is one of the largest cities in Mikenstein, and the province capital of the Salzburg Province. Salzburg's "Old Town" (Altstadt) is internationally renowned for its baroque architecture and is one of the best-preserved city centers north of the Alps. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. The city has three universities and a large population of students. Tourists also frequent the city to tour the city's historic center and the scenic Alpine surroundings. Salzburg was the birthplace of 18th-century composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. In the mid‑20th century, the city was the setting for the musical play and film The Sound of Music.

Main Article: Salzburg

Government and Politics

In accordance to the Constitution, the legislative power lies with the citizens, through the State Council. The State Council is comprised of two house, the Federal Council, which acts as the Lower house, and the Constitutional Council, which is the upper house. The Federal Council consists of 102 members, 17 from each province, and are allocated to parties based on Proportional Representation within each province. The Constitutional Council is made up of 54 representatives, 9 from each province. These elections take place every 5 years, with the next being in 2017.

Head of State & Head of Government

The Minister of the Federal Council acts as the Head of Government, and appoints a cabinet with members of their party from the Federal Coucil. The also appoint a President from the Constitutional Council, who will be the leader of the largest party in Constitutional Council, and who chairs the cabinet, and is the only member of the Constitutional Council who can start the Legislative process in the Constitutional Council. Any member of the Federal Council can start the legislative process in the Federal Council, where once this bill is passed in the Federal Council, it moves onto the Constitutional Council, and only once it has been passed by both houses does it become law.

Use of Direct Democracy

Any bill passed, excluding Constitutional Amendments are subject to an optional veto referendum, if 5% of citizens call for said referendum, within 60 days of the bill passing. Constitutional Amendments are subject to a mandatory referendum by the citizens withing 60 of the bill passing, except if a poll conducted during the passing of the bill shows that over 75% of citizens approve of it. Any member of either house may be impeached if 5% of the citizens call for a referendum on said member's impeachment, and that referendum returns a simple majority.

Last Election (2017)

Elections in Mikenstein occur every 5 years, with the last one being in 2017. The next is scheduled for May 2022. The MDP returned to power following economic turmoil caused by the MCP in the previous Government. The Elections were delayed to July from May in 2017 so that a crucial economic report could be published.

Federal Council Structure

Graphical diagram of the 13th Federal Council
Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democrat Conservative Liberal Social Democrat Green Independent
Previous Federal Council (May 14, 2012) 27 61 5 1 5 3 102
Begin (July 3, 2017) 53 2 3 43 1 0 102
Latest voting share 51.96% 1.96% 2.94% 42.16% 0.98% 0.00% 100%

LGBT Rights

Mikenstein is hailed as one of the most LGBT accepting countries in the world, with parity in rights.

Same-sex sexual activity Yes (Male nationwide since 1974; Female always legal)
Equal age of consent Yes (1974)
Anti-discrimination laws in employment Yes (Since 2001)
Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas Yes (Since 2016)
Hate crimes laws covering both sexual orientation and gender identity Yes (Since 2001)
Recognition of same-sex couples Yes (Since 1997)
Same-sex marriage Yes (Since 2016)
Adoption by same-sex couples Yes (Since 2016)
Gays allowed to serve in the military Yes (Since 1974 for LBG, 2001 for Transgender)
Right to change legal gender Yes (Since 2001)
Access to IVF for lesbians Yes (Since 2001)
MSMs allowed to donate blood Yes (Since 2016, 1-year deferral)
Direct anti-discrimination law that includes gender identity and intersex status Yes (Since 2016)

Foreign Relations

Defence

Transportation

A typical train in Mikenstein
The high-speed rail network in Mikenstein
Zürich Airport - The busiest in Mikestein
A map of the Motorway and road network in Mikenstein
Innsbruck Airport - Popular with skiiers

Rail

As part of the separation process from Switzerland and Austria, the railways and trains in Mikenstein became the property of the MBB, a Federal owned and run train network that also operated the public transport in towns and cities. The MBB operates some of the most scenic routes in the world, and also provides international services to Germany, France, and Italy. It has high-speed trains linking many of the major cities, and regional trains that serve communities that were isolated before the railways were built. The MBB is funded by ticket fares, although these are highly subsided by the Government, meaning that the MBB operated one of the lowest fare networks in Europe.

Road

Mikenstein has an extensive, toll-free motorway network. Although some tunnels do have toll charges, the amount of paid motorway in the country is again one of the lowest in Europe. The motorways have speed limits of 130 km/h and then a reduced in bad weather. Between October and April, if a vehicle meters a designated 'snow zone' then it is compulsory to have winter tyres, and if a vehicle enters a 'snow risk zone' it is compulsory to have chains and four-wheel drive along with winter tyres. This is to maintain public safety. The country also has a wide network of secondary roads, although much of the road infrastructure was inherited from the previous three countries. The Mikenstein Government have been investing in the network to make sure it is continually up to par with other neighbouring countries.

Air

Many of the busiest airports in Mikenstein were inherited from the previous nations, but they are now run by private companies, accountable to the government. These companies, many funded by outside and internal investors have supported the busiest three airports, Zürich, Salzburg and Innsbruck, along with many regional airports. After Independence, IATA codes were kept the same, but the national prefix for the ICAO code was changed from LS (Switzerland) and LO (Austria) to EM (Mikenstein). Alpair is the national airline, named after the mountain range that runs along the southern edge of the country. Alpair operates domestic regional flights around the country, and also international flights to Europe, the Americas, Asia and Africa. The country's airports are also served by many international airlines and low-cost carriers, and Mikenstein's convent location in central-western Europe makes it convent for stop-over flights and also means it is well connected internationally.

Geography and Climate

Topography

Agriculture

Climate

TV, News and Radio

TV Networks

In Mikenstein there are two main television networks. The state funded MRA (Mikenstein Rundfunkanstalt [Mikenstein Broadcasting Corporation]) is one of the providers. This is funded via general taxation and is not commercially funded. It provides a variety of television, radio and online media. Similarly, the commercially funded MUFV (Mikensteinunabhängigenfernsehverein [Mikenstein Independent Television Accosiation]) provides online, radio and TV services, but it only has 35% of the market share, compared to MRA's 60%.

Newspapers

Culture & Education

Cusine

Entertainment

Sports

Sport in Mikenstein consists mainly of football and ice hockey. Two of the main teams in the country for football are FC Lucerne and Red Bull Salzburg. Skiing is also very popular, with most of the population skiing during the winter in the many resorts around the country.

Cultural Events

Demographics

Education

Health

Languages

The demographics of Mikenstein are similar to many other European countries, and the full data table is below.

Demographics of Mikenstein
Population 8,923,588
Density 173.21 per km^2
Growth Rate 1.05
Birth Rate 8.06
Death Rate 6.08
Life expectancy 82.645 (Male - 80.34, Female - 84.98)
Fertility Rate 1.9
Infant Mortality Rate 3.13
Age Structure
0 - 14 Years 17%
15-64 Years 65%
65 over 18%
Sex Ratio
Total 0.97
At birth 1.06
Under 15 1.06
15 - 64 Years 1.02
65 Over 0.78
Nationality
Nationality Mikenstein
Major Ethnic German
Minor Ethnic Italian
Language
Official German, English, Italian
Spoken German, English, Italian