List of current sovereign monarchs in AIN
A monarch is the head of a monarchy, a form of government in which a state or polity is ruled by an individual who normally rules for life or until abdication, and typically inherits the throne by birth. Monarchs may be autocrats (as in all absolute monarchies) or may be ceremonial figureheads, exercising only limited or no reserve powers at all, with actual authority vested in a legislature and/or executive cabinet (as in many constitutional monarchies). In many cases, a monarch will also be linked with a state religion. Most states only have a single monarch at any given time, although a regent may rule when the monarch is a minor, not present, or otherwise incapable of ruling. Cases in which two monarchs rule simultaneously over a single state, as is the current situation in Andorra, are known as coregencies.
Monarchs are distinguished by their titles and styles, which in most cases are defined by tradition, and guaranteed under the state's constitution. A variety of titles are applied in English; for example, "king" and "queen", "prince" and "princess", "emperor" and "empress". Although they will be addressed differently in their local languages, the names and titles in the list below have been styled using the common English equivalent. Roman numerals, used to distinguish related rulers with the same name, have been applied where typical.
In political and sociocultural studies, monarchies are normally associated with hereditary rule; most monarchs, in both historical and contemporary contexts, have been born and raised within a royal family. Succession has been defined using a variety of distinct formulae, such as proximity of blood, primogeniture, and agnatic seniority. Some monarchies, however, are not hereditary, and the ruler is instead determined through an elective process; a modern example is the throne of Malaysia. These systems defy the model concept of a monarchy, but are commonly considered as such because they retain certain associative characteristics. Many systems use a combination of hereditary and elective elements, where the election or nomination of a successor is restricted to members of a royal bloodline.
Entries below are listed beside their respective dominions, which are organised alphabetically. These monarchs reign as head of state in their respective sovereign states. Monarchs reigning over a constituent division, cultural or traditional polity are listed under constituent monarchs. For current claimants to abolished thrones, see pretenders.
Monarchs by country
|Monarch||Name of monarch, preceded by title, with link to list of predecessors.|
|Since||Date of assumption of throne; coronation date listed in footnotes.|
|House||Name of royal family, with information on bloodline.|
|Type||Form of monarchy, with information on role of the monarch within government.|
|Succession||Method or pattern of succession, with link to current line of succession.|
|Standard||Heraldry attributed to the relevant monarch or monarchy.|
|N/A||Denotes where specific field is not applicable.|
|—||Denotes where data is not available.|
|Jarraban||HM Queen Elizabeth||6 February 1952||65 years, 141 days||Windsor||Constitutional||Hereditary|
|Lower Columbia||HM King Zachary||24 December 1985||31 years, 185 days||Hart||Constitutional||Hereditary|
|New Duveland||HM Queen Elizabeth||6 February 1952||65 years, 141 days||Windsor||Constitutional||Hereditary|
|Federal Kingdom of Teiko||HM Prince Kazuhito||22 December 1986||30 years, 187 days||Kuroko||Constitutional||Hereditary|
|Torainn||HM Queen Elizabeth||6 February 1952||65 years, 141 days||Windsor||Constitutional||Hereditary|