List of Premiers of Teiko

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Seijuro Akashi is the youngest to date to hold the office. He was inaugurated on 30 January, 2010

This is a list of all Premier of the Federal Kingdom of Teiko, including those of from the State of Teiko, from when the first Teikonian Premier (in the modern sense), Himura Kenshin, took office in 1870, until the present day. The office is currently held by Seijuro Akashi who was elected by popular vote in 2009 and was re-elected in 2015.

The rationale regarding the nature, selection and duties of the office have varied greatly throughout Teiko's history. The office was historically used to symbolize the highest official in the land who was then responsible to the Japanese Monarch during Teiko's statehood. After the independence, the Prince of Teiko who officially came from the Kuroko clan gained the mandate to appoint and remove the succeeding premier at his own prerogative and will. After World War 2, the Teiko Royal Council was given power by the 1946 Teiko Constitution to appoint the Premier among the members of the legislative body who will serve three years for each term or until the vacancy calls for. Continuing political problems and power plays convulsed the country to the 1984 Teiko Constitutional Crises. In 1986, changes in the constitutions calls for the Premier to be elected via popular vote serving six years each term while allowing re-election only once. As of today, no female have yet to hold the office.

The position of Yoshimatsu Okada and Yuzu Otonashi as both Teiko Premier during the occupation of Teiko by Japan has been argued by many historians. As of 2015, they are considered to be the only full blooded Japanese to hold the office.

Multiple terms in office, consecutive or otherwise, are listed and counted in the first column (administration number) and the second column counts individuals. For example, Akashi Seijuro, is listed as the 29th individual to hold the office of premier, whilst his first cabinet is the 39th since Himura Kenshin.

Premier of the State of Teiko (1870–1895)

Premier under Emperor Meiji

No. Premier Term of Office Political Party Government Elected
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
1 1. Himuro Kenshin.jpg Himura Kenshin
緋村 剣心
(1831–1897)
22 September 1870 18 March 1892 7848 None 1. Himura I
Considered to be the first Premier of Teiko and also the longest, serving for more than 20 years. Appointed by Emperor Meiji in 1870 after Teiko was given quasi-independence by becoming a state and acquiring limited legislative power through the Central-46 (Teiko Royal Council) and executive power through the Premier. In 1893 after several failed uprisings and rising dissatisfaction, he led the Kaijo Mutiny and decisive Battle of Kaijo that resulted to Teiko's independence from Imperial Japan in 1895.
2 4. Taniguchi Taro.jpg Seta Sōjirō
瀬田 宗次郎
(1842-1911)
18 March 1892 22 December 1895 1374 None 2. Sojiro I
A renown samurai from Kamizaki that served the Kuroko Clan for almost ten years, he is the last Premier to be appointed by a Japanese Monarch. He oversaw Teiko's transition from Japan's suzerainty unto an independent kingdom lead which was soon governed by Kuroko Tetsuya who is better known as taking the official name of Prince Akihiro, Teiko's first official monarch.

Premier of the Kingdom of Teiko (1895–1942)

Premier under Prince Akihiro (1895-1922)

No. Premier Term of Office Political Party Government Elected
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
(2) 4. Taniguchi Taro.jpg Seta Sōjirō
瀬田 宗次郎
(1842-1911)
22 December 1895 4 April 1900 1564 Military 3. Sojiro II
The first Premier of the Kingdom of Teiko. Led the Teikonians to victory during the Teiko-Japan War and reinstalled the Iwamoto Congress. Served as Sangdaedeung (1884-1887) and Minister of Defense (1887-1890) under Premier Himura.
3 2. Itami Kurosaki.jpg Saitō Hajime
斎藤 一
(1831-1909)
4 April 1900 16 March 1904 1442 None 4. Saitō I
During this interval, Chancellor of the Realm Sagara Sanosuke (相楽 左之助 Sagara Sanosuke) was the Acting Premier.
4 3. Yamagata Aritomo.jpg Ōkubo Toshimichi
大久保 利通
(1842-1907)
16 November 1904 27 May 1907 922 None 5. Ōkubo I
Assassinated in 1907 while walking to the Imperial Palace by several radical samurai clamoring for reforms to uplift their social status. He is the first Premier to be assassinated while in office.
(2) 4. Taniguchi Taro.jpg Seta Sōjirō
瀬田 宗次郎
(1842-1911)
27 May 1907 8 August 1911 1564 None 6. Sojiro III
First Premier to serve two non-consecutive terms. Died of heart disease while in office.
During this interval, Sangadedeung Sagara Sanosuke (相楽 左之助 Sagara Sanosuke) was the Acting Premier.
5 5. Katsura Eijiro.jpg Yukishiro Enishi
雪代 縁
(1857-1942)
16 November 1911 27 May 1915 1288 Kenseitō 7. Yukishiro I
Member of the noble family that controlled most of Johto during the Medieval times and during Teiko's colonization under then Imperial Japan. Having been born in Hong Kong in 1857, he is the first Premier to have been born outside of Teiko. He is also the first Premier to come from a distinct and official political party.
6 6. Tanaka Hiroyuki.jpg Tanaka Hiroyuki
田中 裕之
(1831-1922)
27 May 1915 30 January 1919 1135 Kenseitō 8. Tanaka I
He is the oldest person to be selected Premier at age of 84.
7 7. Fumimaro Shigetaka.jpg Fumimaro Shigetaka
文麿 重隆
(1854-1931)
30 January 1919 7 September 1922 990 None 9. Fumimaro I
Served as Prince Akihiro's last appointed Premier until the former's death in 1922.
During this interval, Privy Council Chairman Kuroda Kiyotaka (黑田 清隆 Kuroda Kiyotaka) was the Acting Premier.

Premier under Prince Hideyoshi (1922-1942)

No. Premier Term of Office Political Party Government Elected
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
8 9. Kajiwara Masato.jpg Kajiwara Masato
梶原 佐藤
(1874-1926)
22 July 1922 16 January 1924 543 DPT
Minshutō
10. Kajiwara I
First Premier to be recommended by the Teiko Royal Council and appointed by the Prince of Teiko. Later resigned and was made to do voluntary exile to avoid trial for graft and corruption. He is the first Premier coming from the Democratic Party of Teiko.
9 10. Kishi Takashi.jpg Kishi Takashi
岸 敬
(1866-1924)
16 January 1924 30 August 1924 227 DPT
Minshutō
11. Kishi I
Resigned after allegedly receiving bribe for allowing illegal importation of opium in the country. Committed seppuku while in office in 1924 after several disapproval from the Teiko Royal Council.
During this interval, Privy Council Chairman Saionji Kinmochi (西園寺 公望 Saionji Kinmochi) was the Acting Premier.
(7) 7. Fumimaro Shigetaka.jpg Fumimaro Shigetaka
文麿 重隆
(1854-1931)
6 January 1925 30 June 1928 2104 None 12. Fumimaro II
30 June 1928 11 October 1930 Rikken Seiyūkai 13. Fumimaro III
Appointed by Prince Hideyoshi after past appointees suffered reputation damages from several political scandals which had also affected the Prince's image. Resigned in 1930 due to failing health conditions.
10 8. Shimizu Toshiro.jpg Shimizu Toshiro
敏郎 清水
(1880-1954)
11 October 1930 25 August 1933 1049 None 14. Shimizu I
11 11. Ishibashi Yatsuhiro.jpg Ishibashi Yatsuhiro
石橋 八代
(1866-1946)
5 August 1933 15 May 1935 618 Rikken Seiyūkai 15. Ishibashi I
Incapacitated due to serious wound from assassination plot on 14 November 1933. Foreign Minister Kijūrō Shidehara served as Deputy Premier until Ishibashi's return to the office on 10 March 1934.
12 12. Tsuchiyama Reijiro.jpg Tsuchiyama Reijirō
土山 禮次郎
(1870-1938)
15 May 1935 25 November 1938 1320 Kenseitō 16. Tsuchiyama I
Died of heart attack while in office.
During this interval, Finance Minister Takahashi Korekiyo (高橋 是淸 Takahashi Korekiyo) was the Acting Premier.
13 13. Asai Minoru.jpg Asai Minoru
浅 井稔
(1874-1951)
18 March 1939 31 August 1939 651 Kenseitō 17. Asai I
31 August 1939 28 December 1940 18. Asai II
Forced to reshuffle cabinet in 1939 due to several complains and threats coming from the members of the Teiko Royal Council. Several key members were removed from power and a few resigned from their posts. This marked the increasing influence of the members of the council to coerce the premier's decisions than the Prince of Teiko.
14 14. Eisaku Sato.jpg Eisaku Sato
佐藤 栄作
(1866–1942)
28 December 1940 21 September 1942 632 DPT
Minshutō
19. Eisaku I
Last Premier of the Kingdom of Teiko to be selected by appointment of the Prince and not by election of the Teiko Royal Council. Fled to the United States together with Prince Hideyoshi after the Fall of Kaijo in 1942 but the plane carrying them enroute to Guam was shut down by Japanese Navy in the Pacific Ocean killing all members aboard.
During this interval, Interior Minister Wakatsuki Reijirō (若槻 禮次郎 Wakatsuki Reijirō) was the Acting Premier.

Premier of the Kingdom of Teiko under Japanese Occupation (1942-1945)

No. Premier Term of Office Political Party Government Elected
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
15 15. Yoshimatsu Okada.jpg Yoshimatsu Okada
吉松 岡田
(1876-1948)
5 January 1942 21 August 1942 228 Japanese
Military
20. Yoshimatsu I
Served as the Japanese Governor-General for the Island of Daichi during the Occupation of Teiko by Japan during the World War 2. Although historical facts vary, he is officially recognized as Premier due to his execution of the roles and privileges befitting of a Premier.
16 16. Yuzu Otonashi.jpg Yuzu Otonashi
ゆず 音無
(1887-1946)
21 August 1942 1 September 1945 1107 Japanese
Military
21. Saitō I
Concurrently, the last full bloodied Japanese to become Premier of Teiko or at least hold the same level of authority. Yuzu was later executed by the military tribunal after the World War 2 for war crimes.

Premier of the Restored Kingdom of Teiko (1945–1986)

Premier under Prince Tsuyosho (1945-1980)

No. Premier Term of office Political Party Government Elected
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
17 17. Akashi Ryūichi.jpg Akashi Ryūichi
赤司 隆一
(1878-1956)
15 October 1945 28 January 1949 2664 SPT
Shakaitō
22. Akashi R. I 1945
28 January 1949 30 January 1953 23. Akashi R. II 1948
First Premier of the Restored Kingdom of Teiko. First Premier to be officially elected by the Teiko Royal Council and appointed by the Prince of Teiko. Prioritized the reconstruction of Teiko from the damage resulted from World War 2. Served as Minister of Finance (1938-1942).
18 18. Shinji Matou.jpg Shinji Matou
真治 間桐
(1884–1973)
30 January 1953 25 January 1957 1461 TIP
Ishin no Tō
24. Shinji I 1952
First Premier from the Teiko Innovation Party.
19 19. Akashi Kouzo.jpg Akashi Kouzo
赤司 こぞう
(1903-1974)
25 January 1957 27 January 1961 4388 SPT
Shakaitō
25. Akashi K. I 1956
29 January 1961 29 January 1965 26. Akashi K. II 1960
29 January 1965 30 January 1969 27. Akashi K. III 1964
First Premier elected by the Teiko Royal Council to serve three consecutive official terms. Spearheaded several key reforms of the Teiko National Bank and disallowed privatization of several key utility corporations. Member of the Akashi Clan that has ruled Rakuzan since the times of Teiko under Imperial Japan and the son of former Premier Akashi Ryūichi.
20 Kawaji Toshiyoshi.jpg Kawaji Toshiyoshi
川路 利良
(1925-2014)
30 January 1969 26 January 1973 1457 SPT
Shakaitō
28. Kawaji I 1968
21 19. Hiroshi Kamiya.jpg Hiroshi Kamiya
神谷 浩史
(b. 1918)
26 January 1973 28 January 1977 2754 SPT
Shakaitō
29. Hiroshi I 1972
28 January 1977 15 August 1980 30. Hiroshi II 1976
His term was cut short by Prince Tsuyosho's death. It is customary tradition that a transition of the Prince of Teiko also calls for a general elections for the Teiko Royal Council.
During this interval, Defense and Security Minister Sagara Sōzō (相楽 総三 Sagara Sōzō) was the Acting Premier.

Premier under Prince Masayuki (1980-1986)

No. Premier Term of Office Political Party Government Elected
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
22 20. Nozomu Itoshiki.jpg Nozomu Itoshiki
哲司 梶
(b. 1924)
25 January 1980 27 January 1984 1463 TIP
Ishin no Tō
31. Nozomu I 1979
First Premier to serve under Prince Masayuki. He is also the last Premier from the Teiko Innovation Party.
During this interval, Interior and District Minister Masato Inohara (井ノ原 真人 Masato Inohara) was the Acting Premier.
23 22. Kouji Minamoto.jpg Kouji Minamoto
浩二 皆本
(b. 1931)
27 January 1984 22 March 1984 55 LPT
Jiyūtō
32. Masato I 1984
Forced to resign after several allegations of elections manipulation and fraud. Kouji Minamoto resigned before the council voted for an impeachment. Concurrently, he is the shortest serving official Premier of Teiko
During this interval, Finance and Budget Minister Ishida Mitsunari (石田 三成人 Ishida Mitsunari) was the Acting Premier.
24 Sasuke Gemba.jpg Sasuke Gemba
現場 佐助
(b. 1943)
30 March 1985 31 January 1986 307 Imperial Family 33. Sasuke I
The only member of the Imperial Family of Teiko to serve as the country's Premier. His selected to the premier was invoked by then Prince Masayuki. He supervised over the growing political crises as the country's temporary head of government during the 1984 Constitutional Crises. In his governance, he had placed the country under martial law and oversaw the negotiations between political parties that led to the creation of the 1985 Teiko Constitution.

Premier of the Federal Kingdom of Teiko (1986–Present)

Premier under Prince Kazuhito (1986-Present)

No. Premier Term of office Political Party Government Elected
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
25 23. Takashi Natsume.jpg Takashi Natsume
貴志 夏目
(b. 1932)
31 January 1986 30 January 1992 2190 TNP
Kokuminto
34. Takashi I
TNP
1985
First Premier of the Federal Kingdom of Teiko. The first Premier from the Teiko National Party which was formed from the union of the Socialist Party of Teiko and Teiko Innovation Party. Served as Minister for Interior and District Government during Premier Kouji Minamoto (1981-1984) and Sangdaedeung of the Teiko Royal Council (1992-1998). Member of the Teiko Royal Council from 1978-1998
26 Kisuke Urahara (new).jpg Kisuke Urahara
浦原 喜助
(b. 1951)
30 January 1992 30 January 1998 2192 TNP
Kokuminto
35. Kisuke I
TNP
1991
Spearheaded widespread reforms during his tenure, including reforms to restructure the health, finance, and the bureaucratic system. Member of the Teiko Royal Council since 1985-2016
27 Kuroto Hourai.jpg Kuroto Hourai
蓬莱 黒刀
(1957-2000)
30 January 1998 28 March 2000 788 TNP
Kokuminto
36. Kuroto I
TNP
1997
Committed suicide after low approval ratings and mismanagement of the Teiko central funds. Also took blame for Teiko's poor economic performance after the 1997 Asian financial crises. First Premier to commit suicide while in office after 1945. Member of the Teiko Royal Council from 1990-2000
28 25. Izaya Orihara.jpg Izaya Orihara
折原 臨也
(b. 1946)
28 March 2000 30 January 2004 3595 TNP
Kokuminto
37. Izaya I
TNP
1997
30 January 2004 30 January 2010 38. Izaya II
TNP
2003
Former instructor at the College of Social Studies - University of Kaijou. Member of the Teiko Royal Council from 1980-2010.
29 Akashi Seijuro Official Portrait.png Akashi Seijuro
赤司 征十郎
(b. 1981)
Rep for Rakuzan 4th
30 January 2010 30 January 2016 2874 TNP
Kokuminto
39. Akashi I
TNP
2009
30 January 2016 Incumbent 40. Akashi II
TNP
2015
Youngest and the first openly-gay premier to be elected. Seijuro Akashi is a member of a noble family that have ruled Rakuzan during the Tokuagawa shogunate when Teiko was under then Imperial Japan. He is the third person from the Akashi clan to have been elected as premier following Akashi Ryūichi and Akashi Kouzo. Served as Minister for Interior and District Government (2007-2010). Member of the Teiko Royal Council since 2003.

Rank by length of tenure

Rank Premier Party Took Office Left Office Days
1 Himura Kenshin None 1870 1892 7848
2 Seta Soujiro None
Military
None
1892
1895
1907
1895
1900
1911
4502
3 Akashi Kouzo Socialist 1957 1969 4338
4 Izaya Orihara National 2000 2010 3595
5 Fumimaro Shigetaka None
Rikken Seiyukai
1919
1925
1922
1930
3093
6 Seijuro Akashi National 2010 - 2874 (Incumbent)
7 Hiroshi Kamiya Socialist 1973 1980 2754
8 Akashi Ryuichi Socialist 1945 1953 2664
9 Kisuke Urahara National 1986 1992 2192
10 Takashi Natsume National 1992 1998 2190

See also

References

  • Lawliet et al. History of the Teikonian People. Teiko National Press. (2014)

External links

Premier's Official Site