Cibebek Railway 4000 Series Set 4170f heading to Krajan Station
|Locale||Cibebek-Kota Baru, Karasem|
|Transit type||Commuter rail|
|Number of lines||7|
|Number of stations||88|
|Daily ridership||1,493,757 (FY2016)|
|Annual ridership||545,221,305 (FY2016)|
|Headquarters||Minami Kamogawa Station|
16 March 1942 (as Kamogawa Tetsudo or Kamogawa Railway)|
19 April 1951 (as Cibebek Railway under Karasem Railway)
|Operator(s)||PT Cibebek Railway (CR)|
|Number of vehicles||854 (as of July 2017)|
|Train length||6-10 car per trainset|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC overhead lines|
Cibebek Railway or CR is a commuter rail system in the Cibebek-Kota Baru metropolitan area, Karasem. Cibebek Railway is a subsidiary of Karasem Railway (KNR), Karasem railway company. Infrastructure of the system owned by Karasem Railway although it's operated and designed (if modification applied) by Cibebek Railway. Cibebek Railway share the track with the intercity, regional and other local trains which operated to or from Cibebek and Kota Baru.
Cibebek Railway is the largest and most used urban commuter railway in Karasem. As for 2017 it has average daily usage 1,493,757 people, higher than Meriah Urban Railway system 504,302 passenger in FY2016 and with Meriah Mass Rapid Transportation combined, 711,700 people in 2016.
Prior to Karasem Independence
History of Cibebek Railway started in 1900 when Dutch Malaya built the Narrow gauge (1,067 mm) railway from New Breda (now Pondok Daun) toward Tandjoeng Doeren in order to transport the industrial and plantation products between city. In 1906, Railway between the modern day Kota Baru Station toward Bankalan opened for the logistic of growing plantation area in the eastern Kasem Island and upcoming crossing port toward Natuna Island. Later in 1912, Dutch futher extended the railway branching with the existing line from the south of Krajan River toward the Tanjoeng Pojok to accommodate the growing settlement in the northwest part of Kasem Island.
In 1942, Japanese occupied Dutch Malaya and Kamogawa formed as the capital of the puppet state of Karasuma. During this period, railway around Kamogawa revitalized and rearranged into current network for better utilization of the mining and other strategic resources available in the region. Railway in the Loop Line and Minami Kamogawa-Yanagi electrified on 1943 for the local commuters mostly toward the industrial area in western Kamogawa. Electrification toward Cikaas planned at this time but never carried until 1968.
Under Karasem Railway
After Karasem Independence Cibebek Railway become subsidiary of national railway company Karasem Railway to operate the commuter train around Kamogawa which is Karasem 3rd largest city in 1950. Operational in 1950-1968 basically uses the Japanese Occupation legacy lines as well as the rolling stocks adding several local produced rolling stock. In 1968 Cibebek Railway designed the 2000 Series as the next generation of rolling stock in Cibebek replacing the aging 1000 Series.
By 1978 with the announcement of national capital movement, Cibebek Railway alongside with the Karasem Railway and government electrifies the railway between Yanagi toward Tanjung Duren. Later on 1980, with the further growth of Cibebek (which act as temporary capital at that time) and neighboring city Rail line between Krajan to Ciasem and Pasar Biru to Cikaas electrified and all electrification done in 1984. In 1993, Rail between Kota Baru to Sumbersari electrified to support the growth of the new capital city. In 1995 Rail from Saika to Cipayung followed to be electrified which later formed the Cipayung Line.
In 2005, the Cibebek Railway started to modernize the system by installing the new ticketing system and reform the entire system service. Aside with reforming the system, Cibebek Railway also order the used Tokyu 8000 series which retired from service in Tokyu Toyoko Line as well as the used JNR 103 series both from Japan which done to maintain the shortage of train due to the new system services. One year later, Cibebek Railway procured the Cibebek Railway 4000 Series to further cover the shortage and replace the aging 2000 series trains and 3000 series trains.
In 2007, Cibebek Railway extend the electrification of rail toward Petamburan Station in south of Kota Baru and Bukit Pesona Station in northern Cikaas. In same year, the shortcut from Pondok Nangka Station toward Bungur Station done allowing the service from Cikaas Line toward Saika Station. To reduce the congestion at Cikaas Station, 2009 the regional service in this station moved to Bukit Pesona which allow the additional service from Cikaas to Pasar Biru Station via the old line.
The system currently planned to expand its network toward several point. As for Cikaas Line will expand toward Cisarua Station with all of preparation done expect the station platform itself, Ciasem Line toward Cikopo Station which currently working on the catenaries. Inter-island expansion also planned by done the electrification toward Cibengkok Station in neighboring North Cikulon Province. Kota Baru Line in future ultimately will replaced the intercity train toward Bankalan Station as the expansion of the metropolitan area to the southeast. the industrial line of Pasir Gagak will also planned to be served by a feeder line toward the loop line. A 1.2 km Airport rail link also currently constructed between Petamburan Station toward airport fixed the missing link for the new Kota Baru International Airport.
Aside from expansion, Cibebek Railway also expect the new 5000 Series train to serve the railway start in 2018 to replace the remaining 2000 series.
Lines listed below are the available service instead of an individual lines. Some of the lines shared track with other lines and with the regional and intercity service by Karasem Railway. As for July 2017, there are total 7 lines in Cibebek Railway.
|Line||Symbol||Route||Length (km)||Stations||Date opened||Max speed (km/h)|
|Ciasem Line||Kota Baru – Ciasem||55.31||32||1980||100|
|Cikaas Line||Cibebek Raya – Bukit Pesona||43.25||22||1980||100|
|Loop Line||Minami Kamogawa Loop||34.62||19||1943||100|
|Cipayung Line||Cibebek Raya – Cipayung||34.41||13||1995||90|
|Ciluar Line||Minami Kamogawa – Ciluar||11.1||6||1943||90|
|Tanjung Duren Line||Minami Kamogawa – Tanjung Duren||29.73||17||1978||110|
|Kota Baru Line||Cibebek Raya – Petamburan||5.6||7||1993||110|
|Total (7 lines)||181.26||88|
Ticketing and Fares
Cibebek Railway use the electronic ticketing in form of electronic card. Passengers may purchase ticket for single or multiple journeys. Single-trip cards (Tiket Harian Berjaminan/THB) may be purchased at any ticket counters or the vending machine, available stations. Rk 15,000 will be added as the deposit for the daily ticket aside from the total fare required. Passengers may recharge the card for the next trip, or refund the deposit at the ticket counter or vending machines in any stations. The electronic card is available to recharge or refunded for 1 week after the usage, expired ticket after one week is nonrefundable and cannot be recharged.
For regular users, Multi trip pass available to be purchased as an alternative from the single trip ticket. Multi Trip Pass available as an electronic money credited for use on Cibebek Railway System. Multi Trip Pass can be brought in any ticket counter for Rk 100,000 which has 70,000 deposit inside and can be topped at any special vending machine available in station. There are some discounted price for Multi Trip Pass in several events such as Karasem National Day and other big holiday events.
Aside from the Multi Trip Pass and Single Trip Card, the system also support the fare payment using Cibebek Transit Pass which can be used for other public transportation in Greater Cibebek-Kota Baru including Local Bus and upcoming Kota Baru Subway. It also support the e-money from several bank in Karasem.
|(in Karasem Rupka)|
|First 30 kilometers||10,000|
|Every next 5 kilometers||1,000|
|Ticket deposit||15,000 (refundable)|
|Accepted cards|| Single trip card |
Multi Trip Pass
Cibebek Transit Pass
e-money from several bank
Fare system in Cibebek Railway use progressive fare which charged by traveled distance. Base price of the fare is Rk 10,000 for first 30 kilometers of trip, additional Rk 2,000 added for every next 5 kilometer trip. Current fare system applied since 2005. In 1-5 April 2015, Cibebek Railway experimented with the flat Rk 15,000 fare which resulted in protest from users and decreased daily income from ticketing. Later, the fare system returned to the progressive fare.
Cibebek Railway operates rolling stock both self manufactured trains and used second-hand trains imported from Japan. Trains generally operate in 8 and 10 cars per train set with exception of 3 set 6 cars trains in Ciluar Line, and one for both 7 and 9 car trains from special cases.
Trains operated in Cibebek Railway by 1978 standard operate with Air Conditioning unit. Self designed rolling stock come after 1978 (3000 and 4000 Series) designed with AC unit while rolling stock designed prior to 1978 (2000 Series) retro-fitted with air conditioning between 1985-1990. All imported second-hand trains also operate with Air Conditioning Unit.
- Cibebek Railway 2000 Series
- Cibebek Railway 4000 Series
- JNR 103 series - ex JNR rolling stock
- JNR 203 series - ex JNR rolling stock
- JR East 209 series - ex JR East rolling stock
- Tokyu 8000 series - ex-Tokyu rolling stock
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JNR 203 Series
- Cibebek Railway 1000 Series - mostly scrapped, one set preserved at Minami Kamogawa Railway Museum
- Cibebek Railway 3000 Series - transfered (bought) by Meriah Urban Railway to operate in Meriah
- KNR 108 Series - scrapped, one set preserved at Minami Kamogawa Railway Museum
- KNR 135 Series - transferred to other area in Karasem
Although Cibebek Railway is known to has higher standard of safety compared to other railway system in Karasem, incident and accident happened occasionally mostly minor collision with traffic in at grade rail cross. Several major accident do happened in this urban rail system, includes:
- 25 August 2017 - A Cibebek Railway 2000 Series (set 2166f) train in Cikaas Line from Cibebek direction collided with the box truck in at-grade intersection in Pondok Nangka causing the train derailed and sideswiped with a Cibebek Railway 4000 Series train (set 4140f) from other direction. After the crash 2000 series train set in fire due to the box truck gasoline leaked and destroying 6 of 8 car from 2166f and 2 car from 4140f (car 4440 and 4340). Reported 73 people dies and 300 other injured.
- 8 September 2015 - Set 4120f and 4069f had rear end crash at Yanagi Station, no fatalities reported although some passenger suffer minor shocks.
- 2 April 2003 - Collision with city bus in at grade rail crossing near Sukagawa Station, 3 bus passenger dies and dozens injured while Set 3113f which involved in crash suffer damage in front
- 7 July 1991 - High speed head-on collision happened between a Cibebek Railway 3000 Series car (set 3144f) with the incoming locomotive pulled regional train between Sadang Station and Cipare Station. Reported 287 people dies, mostly from the commuter train while both train set sustain major damages. This was the worst incident in Karasem Railway History.