Carolina

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This is an article related to the Federal Republic of Carolina Carolina


Federal Republic of Carolina
Bûnsrepubliik fan Carolina
République Fédérale de Carolina
Motto: Felicitatem in Deo est
(Latin: In God Comes Prosperity
Anthem: Carolina!
CapitalSavannah
46°13′N 123°34′W / 46.217°N 123.567°W / 46.217; -123.567
Largest city Miami
Official language(s) Atlantsiike, English
Recognised national languages Cajun French, Spanish
Demonym Carolinian
Government Federal presidential
constitutional republic
 -  President Nikki Haley (F)
 -  Vice-President Marco Rubio (F)
 -  Speaker of the House Marsha Blackburn (F)
Legislature Congress
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
 -  Creation of the Confederate States of America February 8, 1861 
 -  Georgian Secession from the Confederate States of America September 20, 1862 
 -  Formation of the United Southern States of America April 15, 1863 
 -  Carolinian Protectorate Established February 19, 1865 
 -  Declared Independence June 11, 1884 
Area
 -  Total 919,449.48 km2 
355,001.43 sq mi 
Population
 -  2016 estimate 63,088,116 (6th in AIN)
 -  2010 census 60,101,753 
 -  Density 65.36/km2 
169.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
 -  Total $2.204 Trillion (6th in AIN)
 -  Per capita $36,675 (16th in AIN)
HDI (2016) 0.909 (very high) (11th in AIN)
Currency Carolinian Guilder (₡) (CGU)
Time zone (UTC-5 to -6)
 -  Summer (DST)  (UTC-4 to -5)
Date formats mm/dd/yyyy
Drives on the right
Simlympic code FRC
Internet TLD .frc
Calling code +1 (222)

The Federal Republic of Carolina (FRC), commonly referred to as Carolina, is a federal republic composed of 11 states, and a federal district. Carolina is in central North America south of the United States and north of Cuba, with the state of Warsiene comprising an archipelago in the northwestern Caribbean. At 580,454 square miles (1,503,368 km2) and with over 60 million people, Carolina is the world's nineteenth largest country by total area and the twenty fourth most populous. The geography and climate are also diverse, and the country is home to a wide variety of wildlife.

Paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago, with European colonization beginning in the 16th century. Friega was the main colonizer, however the land of present day Carolina has also been colonized by Great Britain, France, and Spain. Carolina was united under Friega after the Florida War between 1689 and 1691, the Tichelaar Campaigns between 1722 and 1734 and the French and Indian War (part of the Seven Years War) between 1754 and 1763. Carolina became semi-self governing in 1745 when the first Gearkomste was created, and then in 1792 when the colonial federation was created. During the Napoleonic Wars, Britain occupied the colony however it was returned to Anglinburg after the Anglin Revolution. During the Anglin period, Carolina was governed directly by the crown and a governor which acted as a puppet for the Anglin regime. After the overthrow of Anglin, slavery was banned throughout the colony. In 1839 the federation was restored under the new Friega and Carolina was given more self-governance under the Self-Governance Act. Carolina's economy began to shift from the cotton based system to a more industrial system, primarily made of textiles starting in the 1850's. In 1884, the current constitution was drafted at the 1884 Atlanta Convention. The constitution was then signed in Paris, making Carolina independent of Friega.

In the late 1880's and 1890's, Carolina's economy began to take off primarily through the production of textiles and tobacco. The 1890's were a time of intense immigration to Carolina. Carolina entered into the First World War in October of 1914, earlier than other North American countries. The war helped develop a much stronger Carolinian military along with diversifying industry. The 1920's were a time of extreme economic prosperity for those in urban environments, however farmers hurt because of falling cotton prices and the Boll Weevil. This helped the Florida Land Boom which developed much of the state. The Great Depression in the 1930's was intense for Carolina, however reforms to banking and other commercial industries made it a necessary learning lesson. The Farmers Protection Act also helped stabilize the Carolinian economy. Carolina's entered the Second World War on April 11th 1940. Carolina helped in the campaigns of Italy and the Low Countries. Post-War economic growth was strong through the 1950's, however started slow due to Helmich Jager's winning the presidency and pushing "apartheid" like laws. In 1952 Jager was replaced by Thomas John who passed the 4th, 5th, and 6th amendments, guaranteeing basic civil rights to black people. Carolina's economy also began to grow starting in the early 1950's. Carolina is a highly developed country. It ranks highly in several measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, and productivity per person. While the Carolina economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services, the manufacturing sector has seen recent growth, primarily in automobile and aerospace manufacturing.

Etymology

Carolina, derives from both English, Frisian, and French origin. The original use of the name was in 1564 when France built a fort in Florida named Fort Caroline, which is translated to Carolina in English or Karolina in Frisian languages. The name Karolina was first used in 1573 when Friega used the term to describe their colonial possession between the James River and Spanish Florida. Carolina was also dual-ally used by the English who were colonizing northern Carolina. Through diffusion of the Frisian language and the creation of Atlantsiike, the K's in Frisian were gradually replaced the C's derived from the English language. This diffusion occurred sometime in the late 18th century and early 19th century.

History

Indigenous and European contact

Etowah Indian Mounds, one of the large chiefdom in the Mississippian Culture located in modern day Georgia

The first inhabitants of North America migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 15,000 years ago, though increasing evidence suggests an even earlier arrival. Some, such as the pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, developed advanced agriculture, grand architecture, and state-level societies. After the Spanish conquistadors made the first contacts, the native population declined for various reasons, primarily from diseases such as smallpox and measles. Violence was not a significant factor in the overall decline among Native Americans, though conflict among themselves and with Europeans affected specific tribes and various colonial settlements.

In the early days of colonization, many European settlers were subject to food shortages, disease, and attacks from Native Americans. Native Americans were also often at war with neighboring tribes and allied with Europeans in their colonial wars. At the same time, however, many natives and settlers came to depend on each other. Settlers traded for food and animal pelts, natives for guns, ammunition and other European wares. Natives taught many settlers where, when and how to cultivate corn, beans and squash. European missionaries and others felt it was important to "civilize" the Native Americans and urged them to adopt European agricultural techniques and lifestyles.

Settlements

Founding of Fort Caroline in French Florida

The first attempts to colonize modern-day Carolina were by the Spanish in 1521. Ponce de León and 200 other men sailed from Cuba to set up a colony in southwestern Florida, most likely near Charlotte Harbor. However due to attacks by the nearby Calusa tribe, the men had to return in July, 1521.

In 1526 de Ayllón led an expedition of some 600 people to the South Carolina coast. After scouting possible locations as far south as Ponce de León Inlet in Florida, the settlement of San Miguel de Gualdape was established in the vicinity of Sapelo SoundGeorgje. Disease, hunger, cold and Indian attacks led to San Miguel being abandoned after only two months. About 150 survivors returned to Spanish settlements.

In 1562, Charles IX, under the leadership of Admiral Gaspard de Coligny sent Jean Ribault and a group of Huguenot settlers in an attempt to colonize the Atlantic coast and found a colony on a territory which will take the name of the French Florida. They discovered the probe and Port Royal Island, which is now called by Parris Island in South Carolina, on which he built a fort named Charlesfort (present-day Charleston). The group, led by René Goulaine de Laudonnière, moved to the south where they founded the Fort Caroline on the Saint John's river in Florida on June 22, 1564. This irritated the Spanish who claimed Florida and opposed the Protestant settlers for religious reasons. In 1565, Pedro Menéndez de Avilés led a group of Spaniards and founded Saint Augustine, 60 kilometers south of Fort Caroline. On 20 September 1565 the Spaniards, commanded by Menéndez de Avilés, attacked and massacre all the Carolina occupants including Jean Ribaut.

The first Friegan settlements in Carolina began in the late 1550's with the set up of several colonies in present-day South Carolina and Georgje. Most failed within the first couple of months due to hunger, disease, and attacks by local Native American tribes. Friega's first successful colony was Savanne, set up in 1569, several years after the French left Charlesfort. The colony began slow, however became important in the early 17th century.

Savanne circa 1734

Between 1610 and 1625, Savanne grew immensely, making it the 2nd fastest growing city in the New World. The need for another port city grew tremendously and in 1615, Augusta was established. Augusta was different from most ports in the New World because it was an inland port. However Augusta allowed farmers to ships their goods to Savanne in a quicker, safer way than on small dirt roads. Its prominence grew, however Augusta’s trade links never left Savanne and it remained simply and inland spoke of the larger port in Savanne. In 1624, Freiga sent another group of settlers to the New World, this time to settle north of Savanne and create another port. The people landed in the Outer Banks, however moved inland to start the town of Pamlico, named after the nearby Indian tribe. However the Pamlico were not as nice as the Shawnee that lived near Augusta and Savanne. Repeated attacks on Pamlico called for the settlers to erect Fort Pamlico, a trading and defense outpost. By 1632 only 100 people remained in Pamlico, many had died, others left for Savanne hoping to find other economic opportunities. Fort Pamlico was officially abandoned in 1648, when the city surrendered under the last Pamlico raid.

Early Colonial History

British and Freigan fleets entering Havana

In 1689, Spain was able to successfully take over the Warsiene Islands, but failed an invasion to take over modern-day Georgje. This led to the Florida War, in which the British and Friegan's allied against the Spanish. The coalition was able to take most of Florida, and captured Havana forcing Spain to end the war or risk losing some of it's most profitable colonies. In 1691, the Peace of Madrid gave back the Warsiene Islands and gave Florida to the Friegan's in exchange for Havana.

As cotton production in Carolina began to expand, people began to distribute themselves from the traditional urban areas. Britain was also settling people in the northern part of Carolina as part of the Virginia Colony. In 1732, Carolinian Governor Wessel Tichalear began the successful Tichalear Campaigns, forcing the British troops north. The Britsh agreed at placing the boundary at 36 degrees and 30 minutes north, a boundary that would define Carolina for the rest of its existence.

In 1745, the Governor’s Council was replaced by a new democratic system of government called a Gearkomste (meaning Assembly in Frysk). This single house legislature became the new legislative branch for the colony. Representatives had a certain area or town that they represented. Because these regions were population based areas to the west often had less representation that those to the east. Nearly 75 additional representatives were added by 1770. However voting was often reserved for those who had great power in the colony (land owners) and small farmers and men who did not own land didn’t not have voting rights in the colony.

By 1755, repeated attacks by France on Augusta and several attacks by their allies, the Creek and the Cherokee brought Freiga into the war. Freiga was able to capture coastal towns of the French colony of Alabama including Mobile and Gulfport. The French were eventually pushed back across the Appalachian Mountains. After suffering defeat at Bayonne la Vella, the capital of French Alabama, the French surrendered the land in favor of continuing the war with Britain. The Treaty of Paris officially ended the war, however the Peace of Brussels transferred Alabama to Freiga.

Early Colonial Federation and Revolution

Stefan de Witte leading his militia towards Wilmington

In 1795, Freiga created the colonial federation of Carolina which united all of the colonies under one Gearkomste as a colonial confederation. The colonial federation was kept for all but a brief period where Carolina was under British occupation during the Napoleonic War. In 1812, Anglin was able to free Friega from France and gained control over Carolina. However he quickly stripped the federation, placed a favorable governor in charge and began heavily taxing the colonist.

Early protests in the colonies, especially in Charleston and Augusta, two very important port cities were initially put down, with high punishments for those who led them. However in 1815, a revolution under Stefan de Witte was able to take root in North Carolina. Inspired by Toussaint Louverture's revolution in Haiti, de Witte was able to create a building revolution primarily among farmers who had been hurt by Anglin's taxes. After the Battle of Richard's Creek in North Carolina, the revolution was able to secure Wilmington and therefore had a port for supplies. The revolution soon asked for aid from the United States which was denied, primarily because the US was not interested in fighting another war after the War of 1812. Britain also denied any support hoping to ally with Anglin. In 1817, Anglinburg ships were able to retake Wilmington and built a blockade of North Carolina. De Witte's army was chased to Lumberton, and then to Fayetteville. On October 19, 1818 de Witte surrendered to Anglin after the Battle of Creek Crossing.

Anglin increased authoritarian rule over the colonies until 1825 when Latin American nations began to become independent. Fearing that de Witte's Revolution was just a precursor to a much larger revolution, he decided to reinstate some self-rule to the colony including a Governor's Council which could be elected. He also relieved some taxes from the colonists.

New Federation

Broekmate's assassination

In 1838, a popular revolution in Freiga and Carolina overthrew Anglinburg. In Carolina, this was mainly took the form of protests against Governor Pier Broekmate who was very unpopular at the time. On March 17, 1838, Jellert De Hoop, a man in the Governor's Council shot and killed Broekmate during a council meeting. Some began to publicize this as the beginning of the second revolution. De Hoop was publicly flogged and hung in Savanne, in what what became known as the Intolerance of Savanne. Carolinian's were in uproar and this time Colonial Officials could not protests. Anglin officials were ousted from many governments with new colonial governments put into place. The Congress of Charleston met on March 18th of 1839 and drafted a new constitution for Carolina which was a confederacy, slightly more centralized than the Articles of Confederation in the United States.

The new Freigan Government implemented sweeping reforms to Carolina, including the banning of slavery. However to prevent riots or a potential revolution among white farmers who depended on the system, Carolina was in return given autonomy within Freiga. Freiga was still responsible for making foreign policy decisions for Carolina and had the power of royal veto, however the constitution written at the Congress of Charleston was put into place.

Move towards Independence

Delegates of the Kolumbus Convention on the Steps of the City Hall

By the 1870's the Gearkomste began to feel isolated because of the royal veto held by Freiga. The Gearkomste had tried passing segerationalist laws which were continuously vetoed by Freiga. This led to a resentment among the white's in Carolina. The general confederation was also slowly breaking apart and was not as effective as initially hoped. Two diverging groups, the Confederate's and the Federal's pushed for a new or revised constitution as well as complete independence. Confederates pushed for a revision of the current constitution which would make it more effective and similar to the one in Switzerland. Federals however preferred a complete rewrite of the constitution to be similar to the government of the United States. After two failed joint constitutional conventions in Kolumbus and Chattanooga failed, the Federal's agreed to meet in Atlanta to draft a new constitution. The Confederates were allowed to send two delegates to the meeting, but because they were not in power in the Gearkomste, they had little say. The 1884 Constitution was finalized and sent to Freiga where it was signed by the King, making Carolina completely independent. However Freiga did insert several clauses which made it legal for all men over the age of 18 to vote, and made it a federal crime to hinder a person's right to vote.

New Republic

Atlanta's Peachtree Street in 1907

In 1884, with an extensive vote from the African-Carolinian population, Lucas Andringa (a Progressive) won the presidency in a unprecedented election. This was met by protests by the white Federal's who didn't like Andringa's stances on segergation. However under Andringa, the country began to change from a highly agricultural country to a industrial one, with new textile mills being built in the Piedmont of North Carolina and in Atlanta. Mining also became an important industry, especially in the Appalachian Mountains. However, Carolina's industrialization was slow compared to that of the United States.

Carolina entered into the First World War fairly early to help Freiga during the war. Carolina exclusively worked in the Low Countries during the war. Production on the home front help to boost Carolina's economy into the 1920's. After the war Carolina took a diplomatic role at the Paris Peace Conference supporting Woodrow Wilson's plan. However the Senate ratified the Treaty of Versailles and Carolina became a founding member of the League of Nations, and stayed until the end.

The women's right's movement took hold during the early 1920's leading to women being granted the right to vote and hold political office in 1923. The 1920's also saw the rise of mass media in Carolina through the radio. During the 1920's, Carolina was able to continue it's industrialization, however the condition for farmer's slowly deteriorated. The Boll Wevil destroyed many of Carolina's crops during the latter portion of the century, causing many farmers to give up and move to the cities. While the cities often had jobs, the influx of farmers also created a problem because the amount of people coming to the cities was more than the amount of jobs that were available. Nevertheless the country saw a development boom during the time period, especially in Atlanta and Florida where land developers created the Florida Land Boom. The boom, coupled with job scarcity made Carolina's economy fragile in 1929, and when stock market crashed in the United States, the Carolinian economy quickly crashed as well.

Depression and World War II

In 1932, Wilson Adde was elected president, promising sweeping reforms to end the depression in Carolina. As Governor of Georgia he had promoted the state's industrialization but left office in 1928 before the depression. Adde was able to established several new programs in Carolina, like the Banking Assurance Act, the TVA, and the Farmer's Protection Act. Adde also created a new social security system which has since been overhauled into a more modern and effective system. The Great Migration saw millions of African-Carolinian's move to the United States to try and find jobs and to escape intensified segergation in some southern and western states. This trend continued until the 1950's when segregation was banned in Carolina.

Carolinian Troops Landing in Freiga Proper during World War II

Carolina tried to stay neutral during World War II, but after the Nazi invasion of Freiga, decided that it should enter the war on the side of the allies. On September 15, 1940, the Gearkomste jointly passed the Declaration of War Against Germany and Italy. On December 10, 1941, Carolina declared war on Japan after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Carolinian troops worked in several theaters of the war, unlike in World War I. Carolinian troops were initially deployed to Africa where they worked through Morocco, Algeria, and Libya before turning north to take over Italy. Carolina was almost solely responsible for the liberation of Freiga and the Netherlands, and worked north with Canadian troops from the D-Day invasion, as well as fighting from the north after an invasion of Freiga Proper. Though Carolina lost around 300,000 soldiers in the war, it came out relatively undamaged with even greater economic and military influence.

Cold War and the End of Segregation

In 1948, Helmich Jager, became the only member of the Carolina Right-Wing Party to be elected president. The Governor of Mississippi and a Real estate Developer, he promised to keep Carolina's economic growth moving and accelerate it into the 1950's. However he was also an avid supporter of federalizing segregation, very similar to Apartheid in South Africa, without Bantustan's. After the Gearkomste refused to federalize segregation, Jager made several executive orders. This caused protests among African-Carolinians which were brutally put down by the military. Carolina rose to the world scale in a negative light, with the United States and several other countries encouraging Jager to reform his policies or step down. In the election of 1952, Thomas John, an African-Carolinian Businessman and Governor of Tennessee was elected with almost a 95% turnout rate by African-Carolinian's. The white turnout rate was only a mere 47%, because many were split about both John and Jager.

Stand in the Schoolhouse Door: Governor George Wallace attempts to block the enrollment of black students at the University of Alabama.

John quickly was able to undo Jager's executive orders and passed a law through the Gearkomste which limited what executive orders could be used for. He then pushed the 4th, 5th, and 6th amendments through the Gearkomste which were nearly unanimously approved. Jager fought for the integration of African-Carolinian's into schools and brought segregation to an end, sometimes having to federalize the National Guard to force integration.

Carolina became a founding member of NATO however did not enter into either the Korean War or the Vietnam War. John saw no reason to enter into a foreign war when Carolina had problems at home that needed to be solved. The country tended to stay out of the Cold War until 1962, when Soviet Missiles were brought to Cuba. During that time, Carolina cut off all diplomatic ties with Cuba, and helped the United States to enforce a naval blockade of the island. In response Cuba threatened to target Miami, Atlanta and Savanne should Carolina not back down. Castro also encouraged people to rise up against Carolina in order to bring a new communist government. In a show of force, the United States placed nuclear missiles in the Florida Keys and the Warsiene Islands under a sharing program. Kennedy also sent American ships to the Florida Key's and was granted access to use Carolinian ports should an war occur. Carolina, the Soviet Union, and the United States all began negotiations to end the crisis, which resulted in US missiles being taken from the Florida Keys and the Warsiene Islands, as well as in Italy and Turkey in exchange for the Cuban Missiles being removed. A new secure hotline was also set up between Savanne, Washington, and Moscow to increase communication.

At home, Carolina experienced sustained economic expansion and a rapid growth of its population and middle class. Construction of an Interstate Highway System transformed the nation's infrastructure over the following decades. Millions moved from farms and inner cities to large suburban housing developments. The Warsiene Islands became a state in 1963, making it the second to last state to be admitted to Carolina. Carolina also launched it's own War on Poverty under President Burke in the 1980's.

Despite the United States' stalled economic growth in the 1980's, Carolina continued to see it's economy rise with cities like Atlanta, Charlotte, Miami, and Bayonne la Vella becoming important business centers. Carolina began warming relations with countries like China, the USSR, Vietnam, and several Warsaw Pact Nations bringing an end to it's fierce dislike of communist countries. In 1991, the Soviet Union collapsed, with Carolina quickly establishing relations with newly democratic countries. This has made Carolina and important economic and military ally to nation in Eastern Europe. Carolina has tried to establish itself as a regional superpower over the last two decades enjoying excellent relations with both First World nations but also with countries in Africa, East Europe, South America, and the Mid-East.

Contemporary History

After the breakup of the Soviet Union, Carolina was able to enjoy excellent relations with Eastern European Countries, helping to aid their economies. The country saw a period of recession from 1989 to 1992 with the decline of the manufacturing industry, but a period of growth from 1992 to 1994 aided by the growing high-tech industry. The country entered into the Gulf War in 1991 to protect the countries' oil interests and to prevent another oil shortage.

On May 4, 1994 terrorists used several car bombs to destroy the Siniege Bay Bridge in Siniege, Alabama. Over 125 people died when the 2.1 mile bridge collapsed, and cars plunged into the bay. Al-Qaeda was blamed for the attack but never took responsibility. The attack led to increased security nationwide, especially in public places and at airports.

Beginning in 1994, Carolina entered into the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), linking 450 million people producing $17 trillion worth of goods and services. The goal of the agreement was to eliminate trade and investment barriers among the Carolina, Canada, Mexico, and the U.S. by January 1, 2008. Trade among the three partners has soared since NAFTA went into force.

The Olympic flag waves at the 1996 Summer Olympic Games in Atlanta

Carolina hosted the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, which were meant to show the progression of Carolina from a rural society to a modern, global one.

Carolina entered into the War on Terror shortly after the United States, mainly due to the September 11 Attacks in the United States. Carolina declared war on Afghanistan on October 14, 2001 and entered into the Iraq War in 2003.

Carolina entered into the Great Recession in January of 2008. The recession was the second worst in the history of Carolina, only preceded by the Great Recession. During the time, the unemployment rate in Carolina skyrocketed to 15.5%. The recession was declared to be over in March of 2010. The recovery from the recession has been supported by the high-tech industry sector and clean manufacturing. In 2016, Carolina elected Nikki Haley as president, making her the first woman and first Indian-Carolinian President. On November 3, 2016 the CCAG used several bombs to destroy the State Gearkomste Building in West Tennessee, as well as hijacking an aircraft operated by AvianAir. The plane successfully landed at Rochefort-Evers International Airport where the pilot/hijacker was killed. Over 500 people were killed in the dual attacks.

Geography

Bottomland hardwood swamp near Ashland, Mississippi
Amalie, Warsiene Islands, with Amalie Bay in the distance.

Carolina is 580,454 square miles making it the 19th largest country in the world for total area. Carolina is located in the southeastern area of Central North America, south and east of the United States and north of Cuba. The majority of Carolina is part of the humid subtropical climate zone, identified in the Köppen Climate types. However sections of the Appalachian Mountains in western North Carolina, eastern Tennessee, northern Georgia and Qualla, are a part of the oceanic climate. Most of South Florida and the Warsiene Islands are part of either the Savannah or Monsoon Tropical Climates.

The area along the Atlantic Seaboard is mostly flat, and coastal areas are home to many inland marshes. Heading west toward Piedmont, the flat landscape gives away to the rolling hills and deciduous forests of the area. The Appalachian Mountains provide a divide between western and eastern Carolina. The Appalachian region is characterized by a cooler climate a moderate sized mountains. Continuing west, the Great Valley of eastern Tennessee brings back the rolling hills found in the Piedmont Region. The land continues to be very similar to that of the Piedmont throughout Tennessee. The western border of Carolina is defined the Mississippi River, a major north-south river that flows through the United States and partially through Carolina. The river is navigable and is was historically used to transport goods from Memphis south to New Orleans or the western Gulf port cities.

Southern Carolina and the Florida's typically are very flat, with the Appalachian Mountains turning to rolling hills in southwestern Georgia and northwestern Alabama. In Florida, the land is nearly completely flat with many swamps and inland lakes characterizing the area. Several inland bays such as Tampa Bay and Charlotte's Harbor are found along the Floridian coastlines.

The Warsiene Islands are a group of mostly flat islands found off the southwestern coast of South Florida. The islands share a similar landscape to that of the Florida Keys and nearby Cuba, with a long sandy coastline and a flat interior. The Warsiene Islands were not volcanic, rather it is believed that they were at one point part of Florida during the ice age when the Floridian Peninsula extended several hundred miles from where it is today.

Wildlife

The ecology of Carolina is very diverse, partially due to the ranging climates of the nation. Florida, South Florida, and the Warsiene Islands are home to the countries more tropical plants and animals. The endangered American Crocodile can be found only along the tip of South Florida and in the Warsiene Islands. The much more populous American Alligator can be found along the southern and eastern coasts, and are often associated with Floridian wildlife. Deer are very populous in central and northern Carolina, and their abundance leads to a popular deer hunting season in Carolina. However they can cause problems, especially with motor vehicles. Carolina is also home to animals such as the Floridan Panther a critically endangered species native to the Everglades. The Florida Panther is the national mammal, voted in 2003 replacing the Black Bear. The Bald Eagle, which is a breeding resident of eastern Carolina, is a national symbol of Carolina as well as being the national bird.

Carolina's fauna is equally as diverse ranging from tropical plants in the southern portion of the nation, to more deciduous plants in the northern half. Palm Trees are abundant and found along the Carolinian coastline and throughout the Florida's. Pine Trees are abundant throughout Carolina, and the Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris) is the national tree of Carolina. The rare Venus flytrap is only native to North Carolina and South Carolina.

Carolina only has 7 National Parks, 1 in North Carolina, 1 in South Carolina, 1 in Tennessee, 2 in the Warsiene Islands, and 3 in South Florida. The largest National Park is Everglades National Park in South Florida. There are many state parks that are found throughout Carolina, which are owned and maintained by the individual states and not the national government.

Demographics

Population

The Carolinian Department of the Census estimates that in 2016 the population of Carolina was 60,304,593 people. That is up from 60,101,753 in 2010. Carolina and the United States are the only major industrialized nations, where large population growth is expected. Carolina is expected to be the 24th most populous country in the world, nearly in line with the population with Italy. By 2020, Carolina is expected to grow to 61,500,000 which could mean that it could surpass Italy in the current decade. The birthrate of Carolina was not recorded until the 1910 Census when women were having 4.02 children. That has since decreased 1.89 children in 2010. Foreign Born population and immigration has allowed Carolina's population to continue to increase through recent years. Carolina saw the largest number of immigrants in 2015 when 406,837 immigrant applications were approved. Many of these came from Western Europe, Asia, and Latin America. American, Canadian, Friegan, French, and UK citizens do not need a visa to move or visit Carolina. Those same citizens along with Cuban citizens are also eligible for automatic citizenship. Carolina has taken in many Cuban refugees, many of which have fled by boat and landed in either South Florida or the Warsiene Islands. Cuban Immigrants are considered refugees because of the continuing Cuban Embargo. Carolina accepts immigrants from most of the world, except for "blacklisted countries". However, Carolina's immigration system is rigorous, designed to only allow the best immigrants in. Carolina has also withdrawn from recent Middle Eastern refugee resettlement despite outcries from refugees to have Carolina open it's doors to resettlement.

Largest metropolitan areas in Carolina by population (2012 Estimate)
Name State Population Name State Population
Miami
Miami

Atlanta
Atlanta

Bayonne la Vella
Bayonne la Vella

Orlando
Orlando

Miami South Florida 6,654,565 Greensboro North Carolina 1,642,506
Atlanta Georgia 6,365,108 Wilhelmsville Florida 1,573,606
Bayonne la Vella Alabama 4,602,591 Grienville South Carolina 1,384,996
Orlando FloridaSouth Florida 3,110,906 Memphis West Tennessee 1,369,548
Savanne Carolina Capital District-Georgje-South Carolina 3,110,905 Birmingham Alabama 1,309,818
Tampa-St. Petersburg South Florida 2,975,225 Knoxville Tennessee 1,091,370
Charlotte North Carolina 2,583,956 Cape Coral-Fort Myers South Florida 977,720
Charleston South Carolina 2,557,062 Nij Heide (New Heide) Warsiene Islands 976,372
Raleigh North Carolina 2,117,103 Chattanooga Tennessee 936,142
Nashville Tennessee 1,951,644 North Port-Sarasota South Florida 917,203
A large portion of Carolina's populations lives along the east coast and the "eastern states" of Florida, Georgia, Georgje, North Carolina, South Carolina and South Florida. The most populous state in Carolina is often disputed between North Carolina and South Florida, as each state has similar populations. The Florida's have the highest population density of Carolina, and 6 of the top 20 largest metro areas are in the Florida's. Miami, the countries largest metro area is found in South Florida.

Education

According to a 2012 report by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Carolina is the among the most educated countries in the world;[225] the country has a high number of adults having tertiary education, with 41 percent of Carolinian adults having attained at least an undergraduate college or university degree.[225] [226] Carolina invests fairly large amount of it's budget toward education. The country invests heavily in tertiary education (more than 16 000 USD per student).[227] As of 2014, 79 percent of adults aged 25 to 64 have earned the equivalent of a high-school degree, compared to an OECD average of 75 percent. Carolina is considered not allowing high school kids to drop out at 16, requiring them to complete their high school education. President Nikki Haley has expressed support for this bill dubbed the Complete Package Act.

Ethnicity

According to the 2010 Census, the largest group of Carolinian self-identified as White (69.1%). That was followed by African Carolinian (22.1%), Asian (2.3%). Native Americans comprised 1.2% of the population. 8.4% identified as Hispanic or of Hispanic origin.

Language

A variety of languages are spoken by Carolinian's, however the nations main three mother tongues, Atlantsiike (derived from West Frisian), English, and French are the first language of around 91% of Carolinian's. Cherokee is not a national language, however is considered a mother-tongue in Carolina, used officially by Qualla. The largest, non-mother-tongue of Carolina is Spanish, which comprises another 6% of Carolinian first languages. German, Swedish, Frisian, Chinese (mainly Mandarin), and Portuguese are common first languages among the other 2% of Carolinian's. Most of these people are immigrants to Carolina, however Swedish and German pockets and towns do exist in North Carolina and Georgia.

Atlantsiike is the primary language of central and eastern Carolina, primarily spoken in Florida, Georgia, Georgje, and South Carolina. Atlantsiike is different from most languages spoken in Carolina, in that it was derived from West Frisian, however through diffusion with English and French, became it's own language. Today almost all of the original "Frisian Speaking Areas" defined in 1820 have become part of the Atlantsiike speaking area. South Carolina has seen the largest growth in Atlantsiike, with a nearly 43% increase in native speakers between 1900 and 2010. Atlantsiike is taught in all Carolinian Primary and Secondary Schools, and all Tertiary Schools larger than 5,000 students must have an ability to accommodate an Atlantsiike speaking student.

English is the primary language of northern Carolina. It is the only official language of North Carolina but is also an official language in Georgia, South Florida, and Tennessee. Most public documents throughout Carolina are written in English along with Atlantsiike and French. The English language in North Carolina has attracted many American and Canadian immigrants throughout the past 50 years, who have come to Carolina looking for a job in the growing economy. English is taught in all Carolinian Primary and Secondary Schools, and all Tertiary Schools larger than 5,000 students must have an ability to accommodate an English speaking student.

French, or Cajun is the official language of most of western Carolina. Cajun French or French is an official language in Alabama, Mississippi, and West Tennessee, however is recognized as a "primary minority language" in Georgia, and Tennessee. French was originally brought to Carolina by the French colonization of western Carolina, known as the French Colony of Bilox. Overtime the French language has evolved, primarily through diffusion with Atlantsiike/West Frisian. French is taught in all Carolinian Primary and Secondary Schools, and all Tertiary Schools larger than 5,000 students must have an ability to accommodate an French speaking student.

Cherokee is not recognized as a national language of Carolina, due to the small size of the area it is spoke in, however if considered a mother-tongue in Carolina. Cherokee is nearly exclusively used in the state of Qualla, and is found throughout the state. The Cherokee language of Carolina is considered to be more original than the version in Oklahoma, often considered American Cherokee. That is because the Cherokee of North Carolina have been confined to their current state for over two centuries, while most of the American Cherokee have picked up either French or English influences from their move in the 1820's. Cherokee is taught as a second language in some high-level high schools, however is not commonly found. All Tertiary Schools larger than 5,000 students must have an ability to accommodate an Cherokee speaking student.

Spanish is considered a common language in Carolina, however is not considered an official language or a mother-tongue. Spanish has been present in Carolina since the Spanish takeover of the Warsiene Islands in 1689. More recently, Spanish is being brought to Carolina from Cuban refugees and Latin American immigrants. Most primary and secondary schools teach Spanish as a second language, however native Spanish speakers are expected to learn the native tongue of their region. Therefore, colleges and universities do not have to provide accommodations for Spanish speaking students.

Frisian, German, Swedish and Chinese are all found in Carolina, however only make up a very small percentage the population. In the 2012 National Education Standards of Carolina, learning another native Carolinian tongue (Atlantsiike, English, French) other than their own, is a requirement to receive a high school diploma or GED.

Religion

The Carolinian Constitution guarantees the free practice of religion, and says that the practice of religion can not be obstructed by the government. However the Gearkomste can and has passed a bill to make Christianity the official religion of Carolina. This is highly debated in Carolina with some advocating for Carolina to have no official religion. Carolina is a deeply Christian nation, with nearly 87% of the population identifying as Christians. Of that 87%, 73% identify as protestant and 27% identify as Catholic or another branch of Christianity. Baptists collectively form the largest branch of Protestantism, and the Southern Baptist Convention is the largest individual Protestant denomination. About 26% of Carolinian's identify as Evangelical Protestants, while 15% are Mainline and 7% belong to a traditionally Black church. Roman Catholicism in Carolina originates from Spanish and French colonization of the Americas, and later grew because of Irish, Italian, Polish, German and Hispanic immigration.

Most of Carolina is a part of the North American Bible Belt, which stretches from North Carolina to West Texas and south from Orlando to central Virginia.  Socially conservative Evangelical Protestantism is a significant part of the culture and Christian church attendance across the denominations is generally higher than the nation's average. South Florida is considered the major outlyer to this, which is seemingly less religious than the rest of Carolina.

Government and Politics

The Federal Republic of Carolina is a federal republic, and is considered the world's oldest federation, dating back to 1745 when Freiga ordered the colonial federation of Carolina. However the modern government of Carolina only dates to 1884. The country is a constitutional republic and representative democracy. The government is regulated by checks and balances that are defined in the Constitution of 1884 (formally "The People's Constitution of the Federal Republic Carolina and it's dependencies") and the document serves as the highest law document of the nation. The High Court of Carolina is the countries top court.

In Carolina, citizens are usually subjected to 3 levels of government, national, state, and local (either parish or city). All government officials in Carolina are voted in by popular vote.

The National Government of Carolina is split up into three branches: Legislative: The bi-cameral Gearkomste, made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives, makes national laws, approves treaties, approves the budget of Carolina, and the power of impeachment. Executive: The President of Carolina is the commander-in-chief of the military, can declare war, can veto legislative bills (subject to Gearkomstian override), appoints members of the cabinet (subject to Gearkomstian approval) along with other officers, who administer and enforce federal laws and policies, except for High Court judges. Judicial: The High Court and lower federal courts, whose judges are appointed by popular vote on 10 year terms, but can be impeached by the Gearkomste. Interpret and overturn laws that are unconstitutional. They also have the power to hear cases that have been appealed multiple times.

Diagram Showing the Current Seats held in the Carolinian House of Representatives. CFP-174, NCP-127
Diagram Showing the Current Seats held in the Carolinian Senate. CFP-23, NCP-13, Independent-1

The House of Representatives is based on population with districts that are evaluated by a Special Gearkomstian Committee based on census data. Districts contain a population of 250,000 and are drawn upon geographic boundaries to avoid gerrymandering. In the event of an overage, the state's population is divided equally into new districts. No states contain the minimum amount of representatives, which is 1. Currently North Carolina contains the most representatives, followed by South Florida. Representatives serve 4 year terms, and 1/3 of the House of Representatives is voted upon every two years.

The Senate is based on equal representation, with 3 members of the senate per state. Currently there are 36 members of the senate. Members of the senate serve 6 year terms, and 1/3 of the senate is up for election every two years.

The President of Carolina is voted on by popular vote. They serve four year terms.

One-third of Federal Judges are up for election every 4 years, and each judge serves for 12 years. There are currently 11 High Court judges in the Carolinian High Court.

States are structured in the same fashion with the exception of Qualla which was been given an exception because of culture differences. In the other 11 states, the Governor is the chief executive, with the State Legislature (GA, NC, TN, SC, SF) or the State Gearkomste being the legislative branch. Cities and towns are also structured in a similar fashion with a mayor, city-council, and city-court system. However city court justices have terms of only 4 years.

The Constitution of Carolina is the original constitution of Carolina, and is the highest document of law in the nation. The original constitution defines the government of Carolina, along with basic civil rights. It has been amended 12 times, with the most recent being in 2007.

Political Divisions

Carolina is a federal republic, made up of 12 states and once federal district. The states are the principal administrative districts in the country. The Carolina Capital District is the federal district, containing the national capital, Savanne. Carolina does not recognize tribal sovereignty, but instead allows for Native Americans to conduct their own affairs in the state of Qualla. Tribal Sovereignty ended in 1978, when the Gearkomste passed the 7th amendment abolishing the last Native American reserve and transferring the land to North Carolina. Widespread protests led the Gearkomste to create the state of Qualla and allow them to operate under a new semi-unique government. The state still had to have a governor, legislative branch, and judicial branch, however could make new rules surrounding those bodies. The exception was made in the 8th amendment.

Political Parties

Carolina has, for the most part operated under a two party system for it's entire history. The only exception was in 1948 when the CRWP won the presidential election with Helmich Jager. The center-right party, the Carolina Federal Party (or CFP) was formed in 1863 by those who wanted Carolina to be made into it's own federal republic. The center-left party, the New Carolinian Progressives or NCP was formed in 1901 after the disintegration of the Carolina Liberal Alliance. Carolina generally sees large long term shifts in it's political environment. Up to 1932 the CFP has a dominant position in the country, however from 1932-1948 the NCP had the dominate positon. The CRWP was considerably the beginning of another political shift, however Jager's extreme segregational policies placed NCP member Thomas John into the presidency for another 8 years. The CFP had the dominate position from 1960 to 2008 with the exception of a period of 8 years in the 1980's The election of Jackson Heinemann in 2008 saw the first shift toward liberalization, however in 2016 the election of Nikki Haley still showed the dominance of the CFP. However politics in Carolina has progressively become more central with a slight right lean. This was evident through the latter part of Heinemann's presidency.

The winner of the 2016 Presidential Election, Nikki Haley (CFP) is the current president of Carolina. Current leadership in the senate include vice-president Marco Rubio, majority leader Richard Burke, and minority leader Sherry Washington. Current leadership in the house include Speaker of the House Chelsea Graham, majority leader Finnick McConnell, and minority leader Sabrina Gonzalez.

Foreign Relations

Carolina has an established system of foreign relations, being a member of the United Nations, G20, and the OECD. Almost all nations have an embassy in Savanne, and many have consulates throughout the nation. Likewise nearly all nations host Carolinian diplomatic missions in their countries. Carolina does not currently any relations with Cuba, Iran, North Korea, or the Republic of China (although Carolina still maintains relations with Taiwan). The nation has also cut all diplomatic relations with the government of Syria and backs the rebels. Carolina retains relations with Chad, Central African Republic, Somalia, and Yemen however due to security concerns, has removed their embassy staff from the nation.

Carolina has a "Special Relationship" with Friega, and is very close with the United States, and Canada. Carolina also maintains close relations with Australia, New Zealand, Israel, Japan, South Korea and many European Union nations, mainly France, Germany the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. It works closely with fellow NATO members on military and security issues and with its neighbors through the Organization of American States and free trade agreements such as the quadrilateral North American Free Trade Agreement with Canada, Mexico, and the United States. In 2008, the United States spent a net $12.7 billion on official development assistance. As a share of Carolina's large gross national income (GNI), however, the Carolinian contribution ranked last in a study among 23 donor states. Carolina is selective with it's refugee programs. It is a major source of Cuban "refugees" however has opted out of the international effort for Syrian refugees.

Taxes

Taxes in Carolina are levied at the federal, state and local government level. These include taxes on income, payroll, property, sales, imports, estates and gifts, as well as various fees. Carolina's tax code went under major simplification in 2011 to cut-out loop holes in the code. The simplification has allowed Carolina to make it's first surpluses since 2004. Under the code the top 1% of the population pays roughly the same as they did in the previous code (about 35%). However middle and lower classes got a unforeseen tax break, with their income taxes lowering to just 10%. Those who live below the poverty line do not pay taxes. The lower income taxes are supplemented with a national 10% sales tax. Business taxes are unconceivably low in Carolina, with high taxes on industrial and other dirty industries. Several important industries such as the automotive industry get very high taxes. Import taxes in Carolina are high in Carolina, except for NAFTA members and other countries with free-trade agreements including Santa Catarina and some EU members. Before the new tax code, some companies would import goods to the United States and then to Carolina, however the new code ended this with point-of-export taxes.

Military

The President holds the title of commander-in-chief of the nation's armed forces and appoints its leaders, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Offense. The Carolinian Department of Armed Forced administers the Army, Navy, and Air Force of Carolina. The Coast Guard is run by the Carolinian Navy. Carolina has approximately 450,000 troops on active duty, but has around 1.1 million in reserves. Military service in Carolina is voluntary, with conscription being abolished in 1988. Carolina had previously used the draft in World War 1 and World War 2. Carolina's military is able to be deployed rapidly, with the many air forces bases, and 4 aircraft carriers. The military operates about 204 bases both domestically and internationally. The military budget of Carolina was around $103 Billion CGU (1 CGU=1.03 USD), and was about 4.7% of the national GDP. Proportionally Carolina spends about the same amount on the military as the United States. Carolina has increased it's global military presence throughout the latter half of the 20th century and the 21st century, however is selective on which wars it participates in. Carolina typically follows the United States into a war, as evident in the Afghanistan and Iraq Wars.

Infrastructure

Road Transportation

A modern Interstate in downtown Atlanta, GA

Transportation in Carolina is dominated by automobiles, which operate on one of the world's largest highway networks. The world's third largest car market, Carolina has 790 vehicles per 1,000 people making Carolina the highest per capita vehicle ownership rate in the world. Around 50% of these vehicles are vans, SUV's, or trucks.

Carolina's road network is one of the most extensive in the world, and comprises of the Interstate Highway System, National Highway System, and State and Local Highways. Generally even numbered routes are routed east-west and odd numbered routes are routed north-south however some routes do not follow this rule. The Interstate Highway System is a joint-system with the United States, which has created a high-speed limited access freeway system throughout Carolina. Carolina is still rapidly expanding it's Interstate highway program, in order to keep up with it's rapidly expanding population. the National Highway system was created in 1931 during the Great Depression, and is usually associated with the US Highway System in which it's numbers are linked up with. However, unlike the Interstate Highway System, the National Highway System has developed within Carolina, and only has recently been linked up with the United States. In 1973 a redo of National Highway numbers was made to correspond to the routes and number system of the United States. State highway networks were created individually by each state, and are built and maintained by their respective state. Thus, each system has developed on it's own, however many states have collaborated to keep numbers the same across borders.

Rail Transportation

Rail Transportation is relatively new in Carolina and is only recently growing in ridership due to the creation of GoSpoar. Intercity rail generally does not work very well in Carolina because of the low population density throughout much of the interior of the country. However Carolina collaborated with SBB of Mikenstein and FS of Friega and has since created a new rail system called GoSpoar. Since then, rail ridership is up 64% in Q2 of the 2017. Carolina also has several other private railroad systems that operate inter-city rail transportation, among them are Carolina SunSpeed Rail and All Aboard Florida. Amtrak offers several services within Carolina that link up to the United States.

CSX Transportation is the largest freight railroad transporter within Carolina and owns approximately 60% of all freight rail tracks within Carolina. However Memphis Eastern, and Riveria System have gained significant market coverage over CSX. CN, Norfolk Southern and BNSF also have railroad tracks that operate within Carolina.

Air Transportation

The civil airline industry of Carolina is entirely privately owned and has been largely deregulated since 1966. The Treaty of Kansas City in 1982 allowed fifth freedom rights to Carolinian and US airlines to fly within the other's country, after airlines such as Pan American World Airways and Delta Air Lines worked their way around international laws. However, most airports within Carolina remain publicly owned, and operated by their respective municipality. The second largest airline in the world, Delta Air Lines is Carolinian based. Of the world's 50 busiest airports, four are located in Carolina, including Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, which is the largest airport in the world.