Well said initiation stan, we might need to discuss this.
Reformation of the policy on side, or secondary, nations
as one of the member with secondary nation, I would say that secondary nation will work as "alter ego" of that member. What I mean basically similar like what people before me said, both nation should pretty much different each other, not very close each other and in different development stage. I had to say Nakama and Karasem not really an ideal example since Karasem not necessary to be small, I would like refer to ND-Zambezi instea. but hey as an example of Karasem, it would be an interesting nation to roleplay with as there are a lot of possible interaction to do for example is about investment, trading and maybe something to do with its demographic (currently Karasem is the only member in AIN with majority muslim population).
In other hand if a member intend to apply a new nation as a second nation but it has larger economy etc than their current one, I think it pretty much the new nation will work as his/her main nation instead consider how this concept works. So yeah I won't against any member to propose something larger than their current nation AS LONG AS
their second one not a "copy" of first one, not in the same region, make sense (as it realistic enough) and some other aspect that might already mentioned by members before me.
Reformation of the application system, including the city-builder picture requirement
I would agree with how greg think in the possible future aplication works. Members should not be limited their pictures to be in game city builders, it could also be done by using 3d programs, cad or maybe even some edited map from certain games (example far cry 3 with its map editor possible to create an unique image).
Reformation of the Honorary Member system
for me, just let them in the map but just consider them in different universe (not in the current official map).
As a second possible option, I think their geography aspect could change to suit the situation (example make it more realistic) but we should maintain the main aspect intact.
Reformation of the function and purpose of the various agencies of the AIN government, including the Executive Committee
I don't have much word to say tbh. current one is fine for me but yeah it might need more improvement.
Reformation of the election process
Current 1 year election loop is working I think.
Reformation of the nature of AIN itself, in terms of roleplaying in particular.
While I'm being the one who thinking about alternate history and different world method, I would say either method might drastically changes a member nation. As a simple example is that if world war 1 works differently, members from europe may have really different aspects. Although I have to say that it still possible to actually "direct" the alternate history for a nation to make it matched with current condition in that different universe.
Forward the alternate history model, we can say that current AIN as the UN of alternate history present day and it might also contains NPCs of nations that on that timeline. we need to think how we do with NPC.
Another possible model is to create our own planet. but this already proven to be very hard and not really practical (consider how USNW work before it fall back in 2014). mostly is about the amount of works we need to do to create it and yeah fit our current nation into it.
Aside from the point above, I would like to propose the Joint NPC system for roleplaying purpose. the Joint NPC system is a nation that create by more than one member just to work as an "object" of certain roleplaying. as for example is that we create a troubled failed state in middle eastern by several members and then those members may roleplay there like interfering in the conflicts etc. Just make sure that the NPC not counted owned by one member instead by several members and they don't roleplay as it. Any decision done by that NPC country would be a concluded by discussion of members.
Another possible stuff that I've been thinking is that we make an alternate timeline of current history with the point of divergence is very recently (for example the recent east asia crisis turned into war etc) but we keep them as an independent timeline and we may continue forward the roleplay in our current world timeline. It would be for sake of roleplay.
oh well thats a wall of text lol..