Name of Nation: OkatabawashiName of City: Xiding City - OkaCity SuburbBrief History:
The Compact City or city of short distances is an urban planning and urban design concept, which promotes relatively high residential density with mixed land uses. It is based on an efficient public transport system and has an urban layout which – according to its advocates – encourages walking and cycling, low energy consumption and reduced pollution. A large resident population provides opportunities for social interaction as well as a feeling of safety in numbers and 'eyes on the street'. It is also arguably a more sustainable urban settlement type than urban sprawl because it is less dependent on the car, requiring less (and cheaper per capita) infrastructure provision (Williams 2000, cited in Dempsey 2010).
Achieving a positive compact city does not just mean increasing urban density per se or across all parts of the city. It means good planning to achieve an overall more compact urban form
Governments of sprawling cities can take many actions to seek a more compact form, often also involving higher densities. Other cities, such as Cairo, with large, dense slum areas, are responding by reducing urban densities in core areas. In either case, limiting outward urban expansion can be combined with more efficient use of land resources and more effective protection of natural resources. City growth can be physically limited in this way through legislated urban growth boundaries, non-urban green belts, and the quarantining of development in certain areas.
[quote]A Clean city is not one with solar panels and meaningless trees here and there, those are visual traps used by politicians to lure voters, and social media encourages this stance.
Keith Hwa-Suk, Urbanist at the Okataian AA/quote]
The plan for Xiding emerged in 1996 when the mayor of the Ma-On-Yin prefecture decided to give the go-ahead for this experiment. The idea is to adapt the already dense Okataian cities to this new norm.